Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Chollett, I., & Robertson, D. R. (2020). Comparing biodiversity databases: Greater Caribbean reef fishes as a case study. Fish and Fisheries. doi:10.1111/faf.12497 https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12497

There is a widespread need for reliable biodiversity databases for science and conservation. Among the many public databases available, we lack guidance as to how their data quality varies. Here, we compare species distribution data for a well known regional reef fish fauna extracted from five globa…

Hastings, R. A., Rutterford, L. A., Freer, J. J., Collins, R. A., Simpson, S. D., & Genner, M. J. (2020). Climate Change Drives Poleward Increases and Equatorward Declines in Marine Species. Current Biology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.043 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.043

Marine environments have increased in temperature by an average of 1°C since pre-industrial (1850) times [1]. Given that species ranges are closely allied to physiological thermal tolerances in marine organisms [2], it may therefore be expected that ocean warming would lead to abundance increases at…

Hoban, M. L., & Williams, J. T. (2020). Cirripectes matatakaro, a new species of combtooth blenny from the Central Pacific, illuminates the origins of the Hawaiian fish fauna. PeerJ, 8, e8852. doi:10.7717/peerj.8852 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8852

Included among the currently recognized 23 species of combtooth blennies of the genus Cirripectes (Blenniiformes: Blenniidae) of the Indo-Pacific are the Hawaiian endemic C. vanderbilti, and the widespread C. variolosus. During the course of a phylogeographic study of these species, a third species …

Oyinlola, M. A., Reygondeau, G., Wabnitz, C. C. C., & Cheung, W. W. L. (2020). Projecting global mariculture diversity under climate change. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.14974 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14974

Previous studies have focused on changes in the geographical distribution of terrestrial biomes and species targeted by marine capture fisheries due to climate change impacts. Given mariculture’s substantial contribution to global seafood production and its growing significance in recent decades, it…

Smith, J. A., Benson, A. L., Chen, Y., Yamada, S. A., & Mims, M. C. (2020). The power, potential, and pitfalls of open access biodiversity data in range size assessments: Lessons from the fishes. Ecological Indicators, 110, 105896. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105896 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105896

Geographic rarity is a driver of a species’ intrinsic risk of extinction. It encompasses multiple key components including range size, which is one of the most commonly measured estimates of geographic rarity. Range size estimates are often used to prioritize conservation efforts when there are mult…