Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Puchałka, R., Dyderski, M. K., Vítková, M., Sádlo, J., Klisz, M., Netsvetov, M., … Jagodziński, A. M. (2020). Black locust ( Robinia pseudoacacia L.) range contraction and expansion in Europe under changing climate. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.15486 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15486

Robinia pseudoacacia is one of the most frequent non‐native species in Europe. It is a fast‐growing tree of high economic and cultural importance. On the other hand, it is an invasive species, causing changes in soil chemistry and light regime, and consequently altering the plant communities. Previo…

Büchi, L., Cordeau, S., Hull, R., & Rodenburg, J. (2020). Vulpia myuros , an increasing threat for agriculture. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12456 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12456

Vulpia myuros is an annual grass species of Mediterranean origin, which has achieved a global distribution. It is a fast‐growing species, with high colonisation and competitive abilities. This species is considered an invasive weed in most countries where it has been introduced, with highly negative…

Iqbal, I., Shabbir, A., Shabbir, K., Barkworth, M., Bareen, F., & Khan, S. (2020). Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L. (Convolvulaceae): a new alien plant record for Pakistan. BioInvasions Records, 9(4), 702–711. doi:10.3391/bir.2020.9.4.04 https://doi.org/10.3391/bir.2020.9.4.04

Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L., a member of the Convolvulaceae, is native to Mexico and South America but nowadays grows around the world in many tropical and subtropical regions. Its presence in Pakistan, where it has become naturalized, is reported here for the first time. It was first discovered i…

Del Rio, C., Huang, J., Liu, P., Deng, W., Spicer, T. E. V., Wu, F., … Su, T. (2020). New Eocene fossil fruits and leaves of Menispermaceae from the central Tibetan Plateau and their biogeographic implications. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. doi:10.1111/jse.12701 https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12701

Menispermaceae are a pantropical and temperate family with an extensive fossil record during the Paleogene, especially in North America and Europe, but with much less evidence from Asia. The latest fossil evidence indicates a succession of tropical to sub‐tropical flora on the central Tibetan Platea…

Brandt, A. J., Bellingham, P. J., Duncan, R. P., Etherington, T. R., Fridley, J. D., Howell, C. J., … Peltzer, D. A. (2020). Naturalised plants transform the composition and function of the New Zealand flora. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-020-02393-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-020-02393-4

The New Zealand flora has a high proportion of endemic species but has been invaded by almost the same number of non-native plant species. To support management of invasive plant species, we provide an updated inventory of New Zealand’s naturalised flora and compare it with the native flora to ident…

Yi, S., Jun, C.-P., Jo, K., Lee, H., Kim, M.-S., Lee, S. D., … Lim, J. (2020). Asynchronous multi-decadal time-scale series of biotic and abiotic responses to precipitation during the last 1300 years. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-74994-x https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74994-x

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Lv, Z., Liu, F., Zhang, Y., Tu, Y., Chen, P., & Peng, L. (2020). Ecologically adaptable Populus simonii is specific for recalcitrance‐reduced lignocellulose and largely‐enhanced enzymatic saccharification among woody plants. GCB Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12764 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12764

Woody plants provide enormous biomass resource convertible for biofuels and bioproducts, but they are of typical lignified secondary cell walls with strong recalcitrance against biomass degradation. It thus becomes critical to find out the desirable woody plant enabled for efficient biomass enzymati…

Brightly, W. H., Hartley, S. E., Osborne, C. P., Simpson, K. J., & Strömberg, C. A. E. (2020). High silicon concentrations in grasses are linked to environmental conditions and not associated with C 4 photosynthesis. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.15343 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15343

The uptake and deposition of silicon (Si) as silica phytoliths is common among land plants and is associated with a variety of functions. Among these, herbivore defense has received significant attention, particularly with regards to grasses and grasslands. Grasses are well known for their high sili…

Jahanshiri, E., Mohd Nizar, N. M., Tengku Mohd Suhairi, T. A. S., Gregory, P. J., Mohamed, A. S., Wimalasiri, E. M., & Azam-Ali, S. N. (2020). A Land Evaluation Framework for Agricultural Diversification. Sustainability, 12(8), 3110. doi:10.3390/su12083110 https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083110

Shortlisting ecologically adaptable plant species can be a starting point for agricultural diversification projects. We propose a rapid assessment framework based on an ecological model that can accelerate the evaluation of options for sustainable crop diversification. To test the new model, expert-…

Van Treuren, R., Hoekstra, R., Wehrens, R., & van Hintum, T. (2020). Effects of climate change on the distribution of crop wild relatives in the Netherlands in relation to conservation status and ecotope variation. Global Ecology and Conservation, 23, e01054. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01054 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01054

Crop wild relatives (CWR) are wild plant taxa that are genetically related to a cultivated species and are considered rich sources of useful traits for crop improvement. CWR are generally underrepresented in genebanks, while their survival in nature is not guaranteed. Inventories and risk analyses a…