Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Covarrubias, S., Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, C., Rojas-Soto, O., Hernández-Guzmán, R., & González, C. (2021). Functional connectivity of an endemic tree frog in a highly threatened tropical dry forest in Mexico. Écoscience, 1–17. doi:10.1080/11956860.2021.1921935 https://doi.org/10.1080/11956860.2021.1921935

The increase in anthropogenic activities that lead to fragmentation and habitat loss, could result in a reduction of connectivity among habitat patches of terrestrial species. We used ecological niche models, circuit and graph theories to evaluate functional connectivity among home-range patches and…

Urcádiz-Cázares, F. J., Cruz-Escalona, V. H., Peterson, M. S., Aguilar-Medrano, R., Marín-Enríquez, E., González-Peláez, S. S., … Ortega-Rubio, A. (2021). Linking Habitat and Associated Abiotic Conditions to Predict Fish Hotspots Distribution Areas within La Paz Bay: Evaluating Marine Conservation Areas. Diversity, 13(5), 212. doi:10.3390/d13050212 https://doi.org/10.3390/d13050212

Hotspots are priority marine or terrestrial areas with high biodiversity where delineation is essential for conservation, but equally important is their linkage to the environmental policies of the overall region. In this study, fish diversity presences were linked to abiotic conditions and differen…

Inman, R., Franklin, J., Esque, T., & Nussear, K. (2021). Comparing sample bias correction methods for species distribution modeling using virtual species. Ecosphere, 12(3). doi:10.1002/ecs2.3422 https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3422

A key assumption in species distribution modeling (SDM) with presence‐background (PB) methods is that sampling of occurrence localities is unbiased and that any sampling bias is proportional to the background distribution of environmental covariates. This assumption is rarely met when SDM practition…

David, K. T., & Halanych, K. M. (2021). Spatial proximity between polyploids across South American frog genera. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14067 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14067

Aim: Polyploids have been theorized to occur more frequently in environments that are subjected to severe conditions or sudden disruptions. Here we test the expectation that polyploid taxa occur more frequently in extreme or disrupted environments than their diploid counterparts, whether due to inc…

Andersen, D., Borzée, A., & Jang, Y. (2021). Predicting global climatic suitability for the four most invasive anuran species using ecological niche factor analysis. Global Ecology and Conservation, 25, e01433. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01433 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01433

Invasive species have a massive impact on their environment and predicting geographical zones at risk of invasion is paramount to the control of further invasions. Invasive anurans are particularly detrimental to native amphibian species, other vertebrates, and even aquaculture through competition, …

Farooq, H., Azevedo, J. A. R., Soares, A., Antonelli, A., & Faurby, S. (2020). Mapping Africa’s biodiversity: More of the same is just not good enough. Systematic Biology. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syaa090 https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syaa090

Species distribution data are fundamental to the understanding of biodiversity patterns and processes. Yet, such data are strongly affected by sampling biases, mostly related to site accessibility. The understanding of these biases is therefore crucial in systematics, biogeography and conservation. …

Ortiz, A. M. D., & Torres, J. N. V. (2020). Assessing the Impacts of Agriculture and Its Trade on Philippine Biodiversity. Land, 9(11), 403. doi:10.3390/land9110403 https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110403

Many Philippine species are at risk of extinction because of habitat loss and degradation driven by agricultural land use and land-use change. The Philippines is one of the world’s primary banana and pineapple producers. The input-intensive style of plantation agriculture for these typically exporte…

Cruz, J. A., Alarcón-D, I., Figueroa-Castro, D. M., & Castañeda-Posadas, C. (2020). Fossil pigmy rattlesnake inside the mandible of an American mastodon and use of fossil reptiles for the paleoclimatic reconstruction of a Pleistocene locality in Puebla, Mexico. Quaternary International. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2020.10.058 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.10.058

Records of Pleistocene reptiles are relatively well known in different countries. However, reptile fossil records of Pleistocene from Latin America are scarce and limited to presence data associated with records of megafauna remains. Taphonomic studies in Pleistocene reptiles are focused on finding …

Niedziałkowska, M., Doan, K., Górny, M., Sykut, M., Stefaniak, K., Piotrowska, N., … Stanković, A. (2020). Winter temperature and forest cover have shaped red deer distribution in Europe and the Ural Mountains since the Late Pleistocene. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.13989 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13989

Aim: The Expansion‐Contraction model has been used to explain the responses of species to climatic changes. During periods of unfavourable climatic conditions, species retreat to refugia from where they may later expand. This paper focuses on the palaeoecology of red deer over the past 54 ka across …

Seaborn, T., Goldberg, C. S., & Crespi, E. J. (2020). Drivers of distributions and niches of North American cold‐adapted amphibians: evaluating both climate and land use. Ecological Applications. doi:10.1002/eap.2236 https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2236

Species distribution estimates are often used to understand the niche of a species; however, these are often based solely on climatic predictors. When the influences of biotic factors are ignored, erroneous inferences about range and niche may be made. We aimed to integrate climate data with a uniqu…