Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Grünig, M., Calanca, P., Mazzi, D., & Pellissier, L. (2020). Inflection point in climatic suitability of insect pest species in Europe suggests non‐linear responses to climate change. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.15313 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15313

Climate change and globalization affect the suitable conditions for agricultural crops and insect pests, threatening future food security. It remains unknown whether shifts in species’ climatic suitability will be linear or rather non‐linear, with crop exposure to pests suddenly increasing when a cr…

Girón, J., & Chamorro, M. L. (2020). Variability and distribution of the golden-headed weevil Compsus auricephalus (Say) (Curculionidae: Entiminae: Eustylini). Biodiversity Data Journal, 8. doi:10.3897/bdj.8.e55474 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e55474

The golden-headed weevil Compsus auricephalus is a native and fairly widespread species across the southern U.S.A. extending through Central America south to Panama. There are two recognised morphotypes of the species: the typical green form, with pink to cupreous head and part of the legs and the u…

Liu, X., Blackburn, T. M., Song, T., Wang, X., Huang, C., & Li, Y. (2020). Animal invaders threaten protected areas worldwide. Nature Communications, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2

Protected areas are the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation. However, alien species invasion is an increasing threat to biodiversity, and the extent to which protected areas worldwide are resistant to incursions of alien species remains poorly understood. Here, we investigate establishment by 8…

Zigler, K., Niemiller, M., Stephen, C., Ayala, B., Milne, M., Gladstone, N., … Cressler, A. (2020). Biodiversity from caves and other sub-terranean habitats of Georgia, USA. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 82(2), 125–167. doi:10.4311/2019lsc0125 https://doi.org/10.4311/2019LSC0125

We provide an annotated checklist of species recorded from caves and other subterranean habitats in the state of Georgia, USA. We report 281 species (228 invertebrates and 53 vertebrates), including 51 troglobionts (cave-obligate species), from more than 150 sites (caves, springs, and wells). Endemi…

Hochmair, H. H., Scheffrahn, R. H., Basille, M., & Boone, M. (2020). Evaluating the data quality of iNaturalist termite records. PLOS ONE, 15(5), e0226534. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0226534 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226534

Citizen science (CS) contributes to the knowledge about species distributions, which is a critical foundation in the studies of invasive species, biological conservation, and response to climatic change. In this study, we assessed the value of CS for termites worldwide. First, we compared the abunda…

Bowser, M., Brassfield, R., Dziergowski, A., Eskelin, T., Hester, J., Magness, D., … Stone, J. (2020). Towards conserving natural diversity: A biotic inventory by observations, specimens, DNA barcoding and high-throughput sequencing methods. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8. doi:10.3897/bdj.8.e50124 https://doi.org/10.3897/bdj.8.e50124

The Kenai National Wildlife Refuge has been given a broad conservation mandate to conserve natural diversity. A prerequisite for fulfilling this purpose is to be able to identify the species and communities that make up that biodiversity. We tested a set of varied methods for inventory and…

Carrasco, J., Price, V., Tulloch, V., & Mills, M. (2020). Selecting priority areas for the conservation of endemic trees species and their ecosystems in Madagascar considering both conservation value and vulnerability to human pressure. Biodiversity and Conservation. doi:10.1007/s10531-020-01947-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-01947-1

Madagascar is one of the most biodiverse countries in Africa, due to its level of endemism and species diversity. However, the pressure of human activities threatens the last patches of natural vegetation in the country and conservation decisions are undertaken with limited data availability. In thi…

Scharff, N., Coddington, J. A., Blackledge, T. A., Agnarsson, I., Framenau, V. W., Szűts, T., … Dimitrov, D. (2019). Phylogeny of the orb‐weaving spider family Araneidae (Araneae: Araneoidea). Cladistics. doi:10.1111/cla.12382 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12382

We present a new phylogeny of the spider family Araneidae based on five genes (28S, 18S, COI, H3 and 16S) for 158 taxa, identified and mainly sequenced by us. This includes 25 outgroups and 133 araneid ingroups representing the subfamilies Zygiellinae Simon, 1929, Nephilinae Simon, 1894, and the typ…

Guevara, L., & Sánchez-Cordero, V. (2018). New records of a critically endangered shrew from Mexican cloud forests (Soricidae, Cryptotis nelsoni) and prospects for future field research. Biodiversity Data Journal, 6. doi:10.3897/bdj.6.e26667 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e26667

The Nelson´s small-eared shrew, Cryptotisnelsoni (Merriam, 1895), is a critically endangered species, endemic to cloud forests in Los Tuxtlas, a mountain range along the Gulf of Mexico coast. This species is only known from the type locality and its surroundings. Here we present new records that ext…

Park, D. S., & Razafindratsima, O. H. (2018). Anthropogenic threats can have cascading homogenizing effects on the phylogenetic and functional diversity of tropical ecosystems. Ecography, 42(1), 148–161. doi:10.1111/ecog.03825 https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.03825

Determining the mechanisms that underlie species distributions and assemblages is necessary to effectively preserve biodiversity. This cannot be accomplished by examining a single taxonomic group, as communities comprise a plethora of interactions across species and trophic levels. Here, we examine …