Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Belitz, M. W., Barve, V., Doby, J. R., Hantak, M. M., Larsen, E. A., Li, D., Oswald, J. A., Sewnath, N., Walters, M., Barve, N., Earl, K., Gardner, N., Guralnick, R. P., & Stucky, B. J. (2021). Climate drivers of adult insect activity are conditioned by life history traits. Ecology Letters, 24(12), 2687–2699. Portico. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13889 https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13889

Insect phenological lability is key for determining which species will adapt under environmental change. However, little is known about when adult insect activity terminates and overall activity duration. We used community‐science and museum specimen data to investigate the effects of climate and urbanisation on timing of adult insect activity for 101 species varying in life history traits. We found detritivores and species with aquatic larval stages extend activity periods most rapidly in response to increasing regional temperature. Conversely, species with subterranean larval stages have relatively constant durations regardless of regional temperature. Species extended their period of adult activity similarly in warmer conditions regardless of voltinism classification. Longer adult durations may represent a general response to warming, but voltinism data in subtropical environments are likely underreported. This effort provides a framework to address the drivers of adult insect phenology at continental scales and a basis for predicting species response to environmental change.

Lanner, J., Dubos, N., Geslin, B., Leroy, B., Hernández-Castellano, C., Dubaić, J. B., Bortolotti, L., Calafat, J. D., Ćetković, A., Flaminio, S., Le Féon, V., Margalef-Marrase, J., Orr, M., Pachinger, B., Ruzzier, E., Smagghe, G., Tuerlings, T., Vereecken, N. J., & Meimberg, H. (2022). On the road: Anthropogenic factors drive the invasion risk of a wild solitary bee species. Science of The Total Environment, 827, 154246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154246 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154246

Complex biotic networks of invaders and their new environments pose immense challenges for researchers aiming to predict current and future occupancy of introduced species. This might be especially true for invasive bees, as they enter novel trophic interactions. Little attention has been paid to so…

Li, Li, Z., Liu, Z., Yang, Y., Khoso, A. G., Wang, L., & Liu, D. (2022). Climate change simulations revealed potentially drastic shifts in insect community structure and crop yields in China’s farmland. Journal of Pest Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-022-01479-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-022-01479-3

Climate change will cause drastic fluctuations in agricultural ecosystems, which in turn may affect global food security. We used ecological niche modeling to predict the potential distribution for four cereal aphids (i.e., Sitobion avenae, Rhopalosiphum padi, Schizaphis graminum, and Diurphis noxia…

Escobar-Gómez, D. N., Horta-Vega, J. V., Venegas-Barrera, C. S., Coronado-Blanco, J. M., Vanoye-Eligio, M., & Correa-Sandoval, A. (2021). Distribución geográfica potencial de las especies del género Tachysphex (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) en México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 92(0), 923721. doi:10.22201/ib.20078706e.2021.92.3721 https://doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2021.92.3721

Las avispas del género Tachysphex (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) son cosmopolitas con 56 especies conocidas en México. Utilizando la herramienta MaxEnt y estadística multivariada se caracterizó la distribución geográfica potencial de 48 de esas especies, más 4 de la frontera sur de EUA, en relación a la…

Touroult, J., Pascal, O., Barnier, F., & Pollet, M. (2021). The “Our Planet Reviewed” Mitaraka 2015 expedition: a full account of its research outputs after six years and recommendations for future surveys. Zoosystema, 43(32). doi:10.5252/zoosystema2021v43a32 https://doi.org/10.5252/zoosystema2021v43a32

Six years after the expedition “Our Planet Reviewed – French Guiana 2015” in the Mitaraka massif, we present a synthesis of the taxonomic and faunistic results obtained from the analysis of the 108 published articles and the 10 600 observations that were databased and disseminated. In this relativel…

Wham, B. E., Rahman, S. R., Martinez‐Correa, M., & Hines, H. M. (2021). Mito‐nuclear discordance at a mimicry color transition zone in bumble bee Bombus melanopygus. Ecology and Evolution, 11(24), 18151–18168. doi:10.1002/ece3.8412 https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8412

As hybrid zones exhibit selective patterns of gene flow between otherwise distinct lineages, they can be especially valuable for informing processes of microevolution and speciation. The bumble bee, Bombus melanopygus, displays two distinct color forms generated by Müllerian mimicry: a northern “Roc…

Lewthwaite, J. M. M., & Mooers, A. Ø. (2021). Geographical homogenization but little net change in the local richness of Canadian butterflies. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13426 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13426

Aim: Recent studies have found that local-scale plots measured through time exhibit marked variation in the change in species richness. However, the overall effect often reveals no net change. Most studies to date have been agnostic about the identities of the species lost/gained and about the proce…

Blouin, F., Wilmshurst, J. F., Harder, J., Bloom, R., Johns, D. W., & Watson, P. (2021). Prioritizing Beneficial Management Practices for Species at Risk in Agricultural Lands. Environmental Management, 68(6), 937–952. doi:10.1007/s00267-021-01525-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01525-3

Agricultural expansion and intensification are major drivers of ecosystem degradation and loss of biodiversity around the world. Countries are relying on protected areas to conserve habitats and prevent species decline, but these are either too few, too small, or too disconnected to capture and prot…

Koch, J. B. U., Tabor, J. A., Montoya-Aiona, K., & Eiben, J. A. (2021). The Invasion of Megachile policaris (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) to Hawai‘i. Journal of Insect Science, 21(5). doi:10.1093/jisesa/ieab065 https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieab065

Islands are insular environments that are negatively impacted by invasive species. In Hawai‘i, at least 21 non-native bees have been documented to date, joining the diversity of >9,000 non-native and invasive species to the archipelago. The goal of this study is to describe the persistence, genet…

Blanckenhorn, W. U., Berger, D., Rohner, P. T., Schäfer, M. A., Akashi, H., & Walters, R. J. (2021). Comprehensive thermal performance curves for yellow dung fly life history traits and the temperature-size-rule. Journal of Thermal Biology, 103069. doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2021.103069 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2021.103069

Ambient temperature strongly determines the behaviour, physiology, and life history of all organisms. The technical assessment of organismal thermal niches in form of now so-called thermal performance curves (TPC) thus has a long tradition in biological research. Nevertheless, several traits do not …