Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Nekrasova, O., Marushchak, O., Pupins, M., Skute, A., Tytar, V., & Čeirāns, A. (2021). Distribution and Potential Limiting Factors of the European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis) in Eastern Europe. Diversity, 13(7), 280. doi:10.3390/d13070280 https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070280

In order to use an integrated approach for studying the influence of risk factors on the distribution of the native turtle species E. orbicularis and accompanying invasive species (T. scripta and N. procyonoides) in the northeast of their range, we used GIS modelling and a database (GAEZ, human foot…

McGowan, N. E., Roche, N., Aughney, T., Flanagan, J., Nolan, P., Marnell, F., & Reid, N. (2021). Testing consistency of modelled predictions of the impact of climate change on bats. Climate Change Ecology, 2, 100011. doi:10.1016/j.ecochg.2021.100011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecochg.2021.100011

Species Distribution Models (SDMs) are a cornerstone of climate change conservation research but temporal extrapolations into future climate scenarios cannot be verified until later this century. One way of assessing the robustness of projections is to compare their consistency between different mod…

Hughes, A. C., Orr, M. C., Ma, K., Costello, M. J., Waller, J., Provoost, P., … Qiao, H. (2021). Sampling biases shape our view of the natural world. Ecography. doi:10.1111/ecog.05926 https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.05926

Spatial patterns of biodiversity are inextricably linked to their collection methods, yet no synthesis of bias patterns or their consequences exists. As such, views of organismal distribution and the ecosystems they make up may be incorrect, undermining countless ecological and evolutionary studies.…

Salinas-Ramos, V. B., Ancillotto, L., Cistrone, L., Nastasi, C., Bosso, L., Smeraldo, S., … Russo, D. (2021). Artificial illumination influences niche segregation in bats. Environmental Pollution, 284, 117187. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117187 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117187

Artificial light at night (ALAN) is a pervasive form of pollution largely affecting wildlife, from individual behaviour to community structure and dynamics. As nocturnal mammals, bats are often adversely affected by ALAN, yet some “light-opportunistic” species exploit it by hunting insects swarming …

Smeraldo, S., Bosso, L., Salinas‐Ramos, V. B., Ancillotto, L., Sánchez‐Cordero, V., Gazaryan, S., & Russo, D. (2021). Generalists yet different: distributional responses to climate change may vary in opportunistic bat species sharing similar ecological traits. Mammal Review. doi:10.1111/mam.12247 https://doi.org/10.1111/mam.12247

Climate change is among the key anthropogenic factors affecting species’ distribution, with important consequences for conservation. However, little is known concerning the consequences of distributional changes on community‐level interactions, and responses by generalist species might have many eco…

Parker, S. D., Perkin, J. S., Bean, M. G., Lutz‐Carrillo, D., & Acre, M. R. (2021). Temporal distribution modelling reveals upstream habitat drying and downstream non‐native introgression are squeezing out an imperiled headwater fish. Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13214 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13214

Aim: To review the conservation status of Headwater catfish Ictalurus lupus (Girard,1859) in the United States, including quantifying environmental correlates with range contraction and hybridization and introgression with Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818) to inform conservatio…

Deanna, R., Wilf, P., & Gandolfo, M. A. (2020). New physaloid fruit‐fossil species from early Eocene South America. American Journal of Botany, 107(12), 1749–1762. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1565 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1565

Premise: Solanaceae is a scientifically and economically important angiosperm family with a minimal fossil record and an intriguing early evolutionary history. Here, we report a newly discovered fossil lantern fruit with a suite of features characteristic of Physalideae within Solanaceae. The fossil…

Schickele, A., Goberville, E., Leroy, B., Beaugrand, G., Hattab, T., Francour, P., & Raybaud, V. (2020). European small pelagic fish distribution under global change scenarios. Fish and Fisheries. doi:10.1111/faf.12515 https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12515

The spectre of increasing impacts on exploited fish stocks in consequence of warmer climate conditions has become a major concern over the last decades. It is now imperative to improve the way we project the effects of future climate warming on fisheries. While estimating future climate‐induced chan…

Bazzicalupo, A. L., Whitton, J., & Berbee, M. L. (2019). Over the hills, but how far away? Estimates of mushroom geographic range extents. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.13617 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13617

Aim: Geographic distributions of mushroom species remain poorly understood despite their importance for advancing our understanding of the habitat requirements, species interactions and ecosystem functions of this key group of organisms. Here, we estimate geographic range extents (maximum within‐spe…

Cooper, N., Bond, A. L., Davis, J. L., Portela Miguez, R., Tomsett, L., & Helgen, K. M. (2019). Sex biases in bird and mammal natural history collections. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286(1913), 20192025. doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.2025 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.2025

Natural history specimens are widely used across ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation. Although biological sex may influence all of these areas, it is often overlooked in large-scale studies using museum specimens. If collections are biased towards one sex, studies may not be representativ…