Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Smith, J. A., Benson, A. L., Chen, Y., Yamada, S. A., & Mims, M. C. (2020). The power, potential, and pitfalls of open access biodiversity data in range size assessments: Lessons from the fishes. Ecological Indicators, 110, 105896. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105896 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105896

Geographic rarity is a driver of a species’ intrinsic risk of extinction. It encompasses multiple key components including range size, which is one of the most commonly measured estimates of geographic rarity. Range size estimates are often used to prioritize conservation efforts when there are mult…

Louppe, V., Leroy, B., Herrel, A., & Veron, G. (2019). Current and future climatic regions favourable for a globally introduced wild carnivore, the raccoon Procyon lotor. Scientific Reports, 9(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45713-y https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45713-y

Invasive species are considered as one of the major threats to biodiversity and represent a major challenge in the conservation of natural ecosystems, in preventing damage to agricultural production, and human health risks. Environmental Niche Modelling has emerged as a powerful tool to predict the …

Padayachee, A. L., Procheş, Ş., & Wilson, J. R. U. (2019). Prioritising potential incursions for contingency planning: pathways, species, and sites in Durban (eThekwini), South Africa as an example. NeoBiota, 47, 1–21. doi:10.3897/neobiota.47.31959 https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.47.31959

Increased trade and travel have resulted in an increasing rate of introduction of biological organisms to new regions. Urban environments, such as cities, are hubs for human activities facilitating the introduction of alien species. Additionally, cities are susceptible to invading organisms as a res…

Li, J., Hughes, A. C., & Dudgeon, D. (2019). Mapping wader biodiversity along the East Asian—Australasian flyway. PLOS ONE, 14(1), e0210552. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210552 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210552

Background and goal: The study is conducted to facilitate conservation of migratory wader species along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, particularly to 1) Identify hotspots of wader species richness along the flyway and effectively map how these might change between breeding, non-breeding and mi…

Liu, X., Blackburn, T. M., Song, T., Li, X., Huang, C., & Li, Y. (2019). Risks of Biological Invasion on the Belt and Road. Current Biology, 29(3), 499–505.e4. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.12.036 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.12.036

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an unprecedented global development program that involves nearly half of the world’s countries [1]. It not only will have economic and political influences, but also may generate multiple environmental challenges and is a focus of considerable academic and p…

Van Puijenbroek, P. J. T. M., Buijse, A. D., Kraak, M. H. S., & Verdonschot, P. F. M. (2018). Species and river specific effects of river fragmentation on European anadromous fish species. River Research and Applications, 35(1), 68–77. doi:10.1002/rra.3386 https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3386

Fragmentation is one of the major threats to riverine ecosystems and this is most explicitly expressed by the decline in numbers of migratory fish species. Yet each species has different migration requirements and their natural distribution can include several catchments with multiple dams. Hence, t…

Fuller, P. L., & Whelan, G. E. (2018). The flathead catfish invasion of the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 44(5), 1081–1092. doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2018.07.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2018.07.001

A detailed review of historical literature and museum data revealed that flathead catfish were not historically native in the Great Lakes Basin, with the possible exception of a relict population in Lake Erie. The species has invaded Lake Erie, Lake St. Clair, Lake Huron, nearly all drainages in Mic…

Ureta, C., Cuervo-Robayo, Á. P., Calixto-Pérez, E., González-Salazar, C., … Fuentes-Conde, E. (2018). A first approach to evaluate the vulnerability of islands’ vertebrates to climate change in Mexico. Atmósfera, 31(3), 251–254. doi:10.20937/atm.2018.31.03.03 https://doi.org/10.20937/ATM.2018.31.03.03

Mexican islands are one of the most diverse territories in the world and consequently their conservation should be a national and international priority. Three main threats to islands’ diversity have been detected: invasive species, land use change and climate change. Most studies have been focused …

Faurby, S., & Araújo, M. B. (2018). Anthropogenic range contractions bias species climate change forecasts. Nature Climate Change, 8(3), 252–256. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0089-x https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0089-x

Forecasts of species range shifts under climate change most often rely on ecological niche models, in which characterizations of climate suitability are highly contingent on the species range data used. If ranges are far from equilibrium under current environmental conditions, for instance owing to …

Guedes, T. B., Sawaya, R. J., Zizka, A., Laffan, S., Faurby, S., Pyron, R. A., … Antonelli, A. (2017). Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27(1), 14–21. doi:10.1111/geb.12679 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12679

Motivation: We generated a novel database of Neotropical snakes (one of the world’s richest herpetofauna) combining the most comprehensive, manually compiled distribution dataset with publicly available data. We assess, for the first time, the diversity patterns for all Neotropical snakes as well as…