Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Noble, M. R., Adair, R. J., & Ireland, K. B. (2021). Biology of Invasive Plants 2. Lycium ferocissimum Miers. Invasive Plant Science and Management, 14(2), 41–56. doi:10.1017/inp.2021.13 https://doi.org/10.1017/inp.2021.13

The name of the genus Lycium originates from the Greek name lykion for a thorny shrub, derived from Lycia, the name of an ancient country in Asia Minor where a similar spiny shrub was found. The specific epithet ferocissimum comes from the Latin ferox, meaning “bold” or “fearless,” referring to the …

De Oliveira, M. H. V., Torke, B. M., & Almeida, T. E. (2021). An inventory of the ferns and lycophytes of the Lower Tapajós River Basin in the Brazilian Amazon reveals collecting biases, sampling gaps, and previously undocumented diversity. Brittonia. doi:10.1007/s12228-021-09668-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-021-09668-7

Ferns and lycophytes are an excellent group for conservation and species distribution studies because they are closely related to environmental changes. In this study, we analyzed collection gaps, sampling biases, richness distribution, and the species conservation effectiveness of protected areas i…

O’Mahony, J., de la Torre Cerro, R., & Holloway, P. (2021). Modelling the Distribution of the Red Macroalgae Asparagopsis to Support Sustainable Aquaculture Development. AgriEngineering, 3(2), 251–265. doi:10.3390/agriengineering3020017 https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3020017

Fermentative digestion by ruminant livestock is one of the main ways enteric methane enters the atmosphere, although recent studies have identified that including red macroalgae as a feed ingredient can drastically reduce methane produced by cattle. Here, we utilize ecological modelling to identify …

Mazijk, R., Cramer, M. D., & Verboom, G. A. (2021). Environmental heterogeneity explains contrasting plant species richness between the South African Cape and southwestern Australia. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14118 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14118

Aim: Given the importance of environmental heterogeneity as a driver of species richness through its effects on species diversification and coexistence, we asked whether the dramatic difference in species richness per unit area between two similar Mediterranean‐type biodiversity hotspots is explaine…

Tan, K., Lu, T., & Ren, M.-X. (2020). Biogeography and evolution of Asian Gesneriaceae based on updated taxonomy. PhytoKeys, 157, 7–26. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.157.34032 https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.157.34032

Based on an updated taxonomy of Gesneriaceae, the biogeography and evolution of the Asian Gesneriaceae are outlined and discussed. Most of the Asian Gesneriaceae belongs to Didymocarpoideae, except Titanotrichum was recently moved into Gesnerioideae. Most basal taxa of the Asian Gesneriaceae are fou…

Goodwin, Z. A., Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Harris, D. J., Wells, T., Wood, J. R. I., Filer, D., & Scotland, R. W. (2020). How long does it take to discover a species? Systematics and Biodiversity, 1–10. doi:10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339 https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339

The description of a new species is a key step in cataloguing the World’s flora. However, this is only a preliminary stage in a long process of understanding what that species represents. We investigated how long the species discovery process takes by focusing on three key stages: 1, the collection …

Howard, C. C., & Cellinese, N. (2020). Tunicate bulb size variation in monocots explained by temperature and phenology. Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1002/ece3.5996 https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5996

Plant bulbs are modified shoot systems comprised of short internodes with apical bud(s) surrounded by layers of leaf bases. Bulb diameters can vary greatly, with overall bulb size playing a role in flower formation and resource allocation. Despite the importance of bulb size to the overall fitness o…

Avila, C., Angulo-Preckler, C., Martín-Martín, R. P., Figuerola, B., Griffiths, H. J., & Waller, C. L. (2020). Invasive marine species discovered on non–native kelp rafts in the warmest Antarctic island. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58561-y https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58561-y

Antarctic shallow coastal marine communities were long thought to be isolated from their nearest neighbours by hundreds of kilometres of deep ocean and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. The discovery of non–native kelp washed up on Antarctic beaches led us to question the permeability of these barr…

Ramos, R. S., Kumar, L., Shabani, F., & Picanço, M. C. (2019). Risk of spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) in tomato crops under various climate change scenarios. Agricultural Systems, 173, 524–535. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2019.03.020 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2019.03.020

Species distribution models (SDMs) are valuable for the information they provide to reduce the potential negative effects of climatic factors on agricultural production systems. Such information may be used to prevent the entry and spread of invasive species in new areas, as well as to monitor regio…

Crespo-Mendes, N., Laurent, A., & Hauschild, M. Z. (2018). Effect factors of terrestrial acidification in Brazil for use in Life Cycle Impact Assessment. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. doi:10.1007/s11367-018-1560-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-018-1560-7

Purpose:In Life Cycle Impact Assessment, atmospheric fate factors, soil exposure factors, and effect factors are combined to characterize potential impacts of acidifying substances in terrestrial environments. Due to the low availability of global data sets, effect factors (EFs) have been reported a…