Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Moore, M. P., Hersch, K., Sricharoen, C., Lee, S., Reice, C., Rice, P., … Fowler-Finn, K. D. (2021). Sex-specific ornament evolution is a consistent feature of climatic adaptation across space and time in dragonflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(28), e2101458118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2101458118 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2101458118

Adaptation to different climates fuels the origins and maintenance of biodiversity. Detailing how organisms optimize fitness for their local climates is therefore an essential goal in biology. Although we increasingly understand how survival-related traits evolve as organisms adapt to climatic condi…

Roberts, J., & Florentine, S. (2021). Biology, distribution and control of the invasive species Ulex europaeus (Gorse): A global synthesis of current and future management challenges and research gaps. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12491 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12491

Ulex europaeus (Gorse) is one of the most invasive shrubs in the world, being now found in more than 50 countries where it economically and environmentally degrades the land. This highly versatile shrub can live more than 30 years and produce over 18,000 fertile seeds annually that can remain viable…

Sun, J., Jiao, W., Wang, Q., Wang, T., Yang, H., Jin, J., … Wang, W. (2021). Potential habitat and productivity loss of Populus deltoides industrial forest plantations due to global warming. Forest Ecology and Management, 496, 119474. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119474 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119474

The future habitat and productivity of industrial forest plantations (IFPs) are facing large uncertainties due to global warming. As an important IFP species, Populus deltoides is widely used for afforestation worldwide, serving as a key model species to assess the impact of climate change on potent…

Miller, E. F., Green, R. E., Balmford, A., Maisano Delser, P., Beyer, R., Somveille, M., … Manica, A. (2021). Bayesian Skyline Plots disagree with range size changes based on Species Distribution Models for Holarctic birds. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16032 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16032

During the Quaternary, large climate oscillations impacted the distribution and demography of species globally. Two approaches have played a major role in reconstructing changes through time: Bayesian Skyline Plots (BSPs), which reconstruct population fluctuations based on genetic data, and Species …

De Oliveira, M. H. V., Torke, B. M., & Almeida, T. E. (2021). An inventory of the ferns and lycophytes of the Lower Tapajós River Basin in the Brazilian Amazon reveals collecting biases, sampling gaps, and previously undocumented diversity. Brittonia. doi:10.1007/s12228-021-09668-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-021-09668-7

Ferns and lycophytes are an excellent group for conservation and species distribution studies because they are closely related to environmental changes. In this study, we analyzed collection gaps, sampling biases, richness distribution, and the species conservation effectiveness of protected areas i…

Hemberger, J., Crossley, M. S., & Gratton, C. (2021). Historical decrease in agricultural landscape diversity is associated with shifts in bumble bee species occurrence. Ecology Letters. doi:10.1111/ele.13786 https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13786

Agricultural intensification is a key suspect among putative drivers of recent insect declines, but an explicit link between historical change in agricultural land cover and insect occurrence is lacking. Determining whether agriculture impacts beneficial insects (e.g. pollinators), is crucial to enh…

Murray, E. A., Evanhoe, L., Bossert, S., Geber, M. A., Griswold, T., & McCoshum, S. M. (2021). Phylogeny, Phenology, and Foraging Breadth of Ashmeadiella (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Insect Systematics and Diversity, 5(3). doi:10.1093/isd/ixab010 https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixab010

Ashmeadiella Cockerell (Megachilidae: Osmiini) is a bee genus endemic to North America, with greatest richness in arid and Mediterranean regions of the southwestern United States. Species relationships of Ashmeadiella were last analyzed in the 1950s, when Robert Sokal and Charles Michener developed …

Tabor, J. A., & Koch, J. B. (2021). Ensemble Models Predict Invasive Bee Habitat Suitability Will Expand under Future Climate Scenarios in Hawai’i. Insects, 12(5), 443. doi:10.3390/insects12050443 https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12050443

Climate change is predicted to increase the risk of biological invasions by increasing the availability of climatically suitable regions for invasive species. Endemic species on oceanic islands are particularly sensitive to the impact of invasive species due to increased competition for shared resou…

Klisz, M., Puchałka, R., Netsvetov, M., Prokopuk, Y., Vítková, M., Sádlo, J., … Koprowski, M. (2021). Variability in climate-growth reaction of Robinia pseudoacacia in Eastern Europe indicates potential for acclimatisation to future climate. Forest Ecology and Management, 492, 119194. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119194 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119194

As a consequence of native tree species decline and distribution range contraction in Europe, acclimation of the non-native tree species at the edge of their distribution is gaining importance. Although non-native tree species may provide sustainable ecosystem services, as a potentially invasive spe…

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…