Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Engler, J. O., Lawrie, Y., Cabral, J. S., Lens, L., & Martínez‐Meyer, E. (2021). Niche evolution reveals disparate signatures of speciation in the “great speciator” (white‐eyes, Aves: Zosterops ). Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14128 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14128

Aim: Recent breakthroughs in environmental niche models (ENMs) have substantially improved our insights in niche evolution. Assuming that closely related taxa have similar niches (i.e. niche conservatism), the combination of ENMs with phylogenetic information allows the reconstruction of ancestral n…

Cardador, L., & Blackburn, T. M. (2020). A global assessment of human influence on niche shifts and risk predictions of bird invasions. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13166 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13166

Aim: Estimating the strength of niche conservatism is key for predictions of invasion risk. Most studies consider only the climatic niche, but other factors, such as human disturbance, also shape niches. Whether occupation of human habitats in the alien range depends on the native tolerances of spec…

Ewers‐Saucedo, C., & Pappalardo, P. (2019). Testing adaptive hypotheses on the evolution of larval life history in acorn and stalked barnacles. Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1002/ece3.5645 https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5645

Despite strong selective pressure to optimize larval life history in marine environments, there is a wide diversity with regard to developmental mode, size, and time larvae spend in the plankton. In the present study, we assessed if adaptive hypotheses explain the distribution of the larval life his…

Saupe, E. E., Farnsworth, A., Lunt, D. J., Sagoo, N., Pham, K. V., & Field, D. J. (2019). Climatic shifts drove major contractions in avian latitudinal distributions throughout the Cenozoic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(26), 12895–12900. doi:10.1073/pnas.1903866116 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1903866116

Many higher level avian clades are restricted to Earth’s lower latitudes, leading to historical biogeographic reconstructions favoring a Gondwanan origin of crown birds and numerous deep subclades. However, several such “tropical-restricted” clades (TRCs) are represented by stem-lineage fossils well…