Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Miller, E. F., Green, R. E., Balmford, A., Maisano Delser, P., Beyer, R., Somveille, M., … Manica, A. (2021). Bayesian Skyline Plots disagree with range size changes based on Species Distribution Models for Holarctic birds. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16032 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16032

During the Quaternary, large climate oscillations impacted the distribution and demography of species globally. Two approaches have played a major role in reconstructing changes through time: Bayesian Skyline Plots (BSPs), which reconstruct population fluctuations based on genetic data, and Species …

Hausdorf, B., & Walther, F. (2021). A forgotten subspecies of the land snail species Arianta arbustorum from a Pleistocene refuge in the Western Alps. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 87(2). doi:10.1093/mollus/eyab017 https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/eyab017

Alpine Arianta populations from the Biellese Alps in Italy are characterized by imperforate, thin-shelled, dark brown shells without or with sparse light spots that resemble widespread phenotypes of Arianta arbustorum arbustorum found in calcium-deficient areas. Therefore, they were not considered a…

Wieringa, J. G., Carstens, B. C., & Gibbs, H. L. (2021). Predicting migration routes for three species of migratory bats using species distribution models. PeerJ, 9, e11177. doi:10.7717/peerj.11177 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11177

Understanding seasonal variation in the distribution and movement patterns of migratory species is essential to monitoring and conservation efforts. While there are many species of migratory bats in North America, little is known about their seasonal movements. In terms of conservation, this is impo…

Hastings, R. A., Rutterford, L. A., Freer, J. J., Collins, R. A., Simpson, S. D., & Genner, M. J. (2020). Climate Change Drives Poleward Increases and Equatorward Declines in Marine Species. Current Biology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.043 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.043

Marine environments have increased in temperature by an average of 1°C since pre-industrial (1850) times [1]. Given that species ranges are closely allied to physiological thermal tolerances in marine organisms [2], it may therefore be expected that ocean warming would lead to abundance increases at…

Arfianti, T., & Costello, M. (2020). Global biogeography of marine amphipod crustaceans: latitude, regionalization, and beta diversity. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 638, 83–94. doi:10.3354/meps13272 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13272

Studying the biogeography of amphipod crustaceans is of interest because they play an important role at lower trophic levels in ecosystems. Because they lack a planktonic larval stage, it has been hypothesized that marine benthic amphipod crustaceans may have short dispersal distances, high endemici…

Menegotto, A., Rangel, T. F., Schrader, J., Weigelt, P., & Kreft, H. (2019). A global test of the subsidized island biogeography hypothesis. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13032 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13032

Aim: The decreasing capacity of area to predict species richness on small islands (the small‐island effect; SIE) seems to be one of the few exceptions of the species–area relationship. While most studies have focused on how to detect the SIE, the underlying ecological factors determining this patter…