Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Vasconcelos, T., Boyko, J. D., & Beaulieu, J. M. (2021). Linking mode of seed dispersal and climatic niche evolution in flowering plants. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14292 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14292

Aim: Due to the sessile nature of flowering plants, movements to new geographical areas occur mainly during seed dispersal. Frugivores tend to be efficient dispersers because animals move within the boundaries of their preferable niches, so seeds are more likely to be transported to environments tha…

Roberts, J., & Florentine, S. (2021). A review of the biology, distribution patterns and management of the invasive species Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson (Palmer amaranth): Current and future management challenges. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12520 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12520

Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson (Palmer amaranth) is an invasive agricultural weed that has quickly risen from a state of relative obscurity to now being globally regarded as one of the most economically destructive and difficult to manage weed species. It is now found in more than 45 countries where i…

Alban, D. M., Biersma, E. M., Kadereit, J. W., & Dillenberger, M. S. (2021). Colonization of the Southern Hemisphere by Sagina and Colobanthus (Caryophyllaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 308(1). doi:10.1007/s00606-021-01793-w https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-021-01793-w

Colobanthus (23 species) and Sagina (30–33 species) together are sister to Facchinia. Whereas Facchinia is distributed in western Eurasia, Colobanthus is almost exclusively distributed in the Southern Hemisphere, and Sagina is distributed in both hemispheres with the highest species diversity in wes…

Méndez-Camacho, K., Leon-Alvarado, O., & Miranda-Esquivel, D. R. (2021). Biogeographic evidence supports the Old Amazon hypothesis for the formation of the Amazon fluvial system. PeerJ, 9, e12533. doi:10.7717/peerj.12533 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.12533

The Amazon has high biodiversity, which has been attributed to different geological events such as the formation of rivers. The Old and Young Amazon hypotheses have been proposed regarding the date of the formation of the Amazon basin. Different studies of historical biogeography support the Young A…

Oh, D., Kowalski, K. P., Quach, Q. N., Wijesinghege, C., Tanford, P., Dassanayake, M., & Clay, K. (2021). Novel genome characteristics contribute to the invasiveness of Phragmites australis (common reed). Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16293 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16293

The rapid invasion of the non-native Phragmites australis (Poaceae, subfamily Arundinoideae) is a major threat to native wetland ecosystems in North America and elsewhere. We describe the first reference genome for P. australis and compare invasive (ssp. australis) and native (ssp. americanus) genot…

Van Natto, A. C., & Eckert, C. G. (2021). Genetic and conservation significance of populations at the polar vs. equatorial range limits of the Pacific coastal dune endemic Abronia umbellata (Nyctaginaceae). Conservation Genetics. doi:10.1007/s10592-021-01409-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-021-01409-3

Whether geographically peripheral populations are worth conserving has been hotly debated yet remains unresolved. This is especially relevant in high-latitude countries where, within their political jurisdictions, many species reach their range limits as peripheral isolates and require conservation …

Solovyeva, D., Bysykatova-Harmey, I., Vartanyan, S. L., Kondratyev, A., & Huettmann, F. (2021). Modeling Eastern Russian High Arctic Geese (Anser fabalis, A. albifrons) during moult and brood rearing in the “New Digital Arctic.” Scientific Reports, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-01595-7 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-01595-7

Many polar species and habitats are now affected by man-made global climate change and underlying infrastructure. These anthropogenic forces have resulted in clear implications and many significant changes in the arctic, leading to the emergence of new climate, habitats and other issues including di…

Benhadi-Marín, J., Fereres, A., & Pereira, J. A. (2021). Potential areas of spread of Trioza erytreae over mainland Portugal and Spain. Journal of Pest Science. doi:10.1007/s10340-021-01440-w https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-021-01440-w

Trioza erytreae is one natural psyllid vector of Candidatus liberibacter, the causal agent of the citrus greening disease (HLB). Since its introduction in 2014 into the Iberian Peninsula, T. erytreae was able to spread continuously toward southern coastal regions of Portugal and northern coastal reg…

Goldsmit, J., Schlegel, R. W., Filbee-Dexter, K., MacGregor, K. A., Johnson, L. E., Mundy, C. J., … Archambault, P. (2021). Kelp in the Eastern Canadian Arctic: Current and Future Predictions of Habitat Suitability and Cover. Frontiers in Marine Science, 18. doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.742209 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.742209

Climate change is transforming marine ecosystems through the expansion and contraction of species’ ranges. Sea ice loss and warming temperatures are expected to expand habitat availability for macroalgae along long stretches of Arctic coastlines. To better understand the current distribution of kelp…

Xue, T., Gadagkar, S. R., Albright, T. P., Yang, X., Li, J., Xia, C., … Yu, S. (2021). Prioritizing conservation of biodiversity in an alpine region: Distribution pattern and conservation status of seed plants in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Global Ecology and Conservation, 32, e01885. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01885 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01885

The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) harbors abundant and diverse plant life owing to its high habitat heterogeneity. However, the distribution pattern of biodiversity hotspots and their conservation status remain unclear. Based on 148,283 high-resolution occurrence coordinates of 13,450 seed plants, w…