Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Li, X., Li, B., Wang, G., Zhan, X., & Holyoak, M. (2020). Deeply digging the interaction effect in multiple linear regressions using a fractional-power interaction term. MethodsX, 7, 101067. doi:10.1016/j.mex.2020.101067 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2020.101067

In multiple regression Y ~ β0 + β1X1 + β2X2 + β3X1 X2 + ɛ., the interaction term is quantified as the product of X1 and X2. We developed fractional-power interaction regression (FPIR), using βX1M X2N as the interaction term. The rationale of FPIR is that the slopes of Y-X1 regression along the X2 gr…

Goodwin, Z. A., Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Harris, D. J., Wells, T., Wood, J. R. I., Filer, D., & Scotland, R. W. (2020). How long does it take to discover a species? Systematics and Biodiversity, 1–10. doi:10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339 https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339

The description of a new species is a key step in cataloguing the World’s flora. However, this is only a preliminary stage in a long process of understanding what that species represents. We investigated how long the species discovery process takes by focusing on three key stages: 1, the collection …

Battini, N., Farías, N., Giachetti, C., Schwindt, E., & Bortolus, A. (2019). Staying ahead of invaders: using species distribution modeling to predict alien species’ potential niche shifts. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 612, 127–140. doi:10.3354/meps12878 https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12878

Early detection and rapid response are essential to prevent invasive species from thriving in marine environments following their introduction. Species distribution models (SDMs) are widely used to predict the potential distribution of invasive species, providing excellent tools for the design of st…

Gams, W., Stielow, B., Gräfenhan, T., & Schroers, H.-J. (2019). The ascomycete genus Niesslia and associated monocillium-like anamorphs. Mycological Progress. doi:10.1007/s11557-018-1459-5 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-018-1459-5

The species of Niesslia including anamorphs formerly known as Monocillium form a distinct group in the Hypocreales and can be delimited by several unique morphological characters. Niesslia species inhabit decaying plant substrates, such as leaf litter or bark of diverse plants, especially coniferous…

Umstead, H., & Diggs., J. T. (2018). Shorter Note. American Fern Journal, 108(4), 176–179. doi:10.1640/0002-8444-108.4.176 https://doi.org/10.1640/0002-8444-108.4.176

An Ornamental Plant Found Spreading Aggressively: Potential Invasiveness of Dryopteris erythrosora (Dryopteridaceae) in North America.—Dryopteris erythrosora (D.C. Eaton) Kunze (Dryopteridaceae) is a fern native to Japan, Korea, and China (Hoshizaki and Wilson, American Fern Journal 89:1–98. 1999). …

Alvarez, B., Frings, P. J., Clymans, W., Fontorbe, G., & Conley, D. J. (2017). Assessing the Potential of Sponges (Porifera) as Indicators of Ocean Dissolved Si Concentrations. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4. doi:10.3389/fmars.2017.00373 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2017.00373

We explore the distribution of sponges along dissolved silica (dSi) concentration gradients to test whether sponge assemblages are related to dSi and to assess the validity of fossil sponges as a palaeoecological tool for inferring dSi concentrations of the past oceans. We extracted sponge records f…