Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Zhang, N., Liao, Z., Wu, S., Nobis, M. P., Wang, J., & Wu, N. (2021). Impact of climate change on wheat security through an alternate host of stripe rust. Food and Energy Security. doi:10.1002/fes3.356 https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.356

In the 21st century, stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is still the most devastating disease of wheat globally. Despite the critical roles of the alternate host plants, the Berberis species, in the sexual reproduction and spread of Pst, the climate change impacts on t…

Hoorn, C., Kukla, T., Bogotá-Angel, G., van Soelen, E., González-Arango, C., Wesselingh, F. P., … Morley, R. J. (2021). Cyclic sediment deposition by orbital forcing in the Miocene wetland of western Amazonia? New insights from a multidisciplinary approach. Global and Planetary Change, 103717. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2021.103717 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2021.103717

In the Miocene, a large wetland system extended from the Andean foothills into western Amazonia. This system has no modern analogue and the driving mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Dynamic topography and Andean uplift are thought to have controlled deposition, with allocyclic base level chan…

Popov, S. Y. (2021). Northern distribution limits of Sphagnum wulfianum (Sphagnaceae, Bryophyta) in the Northern Palearctic – records from tundra: coincidence or rule? Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii, 55(2), 475–486. doi:10.31111/nsnr/2021.55.2.475 https://doi.org/10.31111/nsnr/2021.55.2.475

Sphagnum wulfianum is a widespread circumboreal species in the Northern Hemisphere. The distribution of this species in the Northern Palearctic was studied by generalizing and combining data from open sources (GBIF, literature data) and herbarium samples from LE, MW, NSK, and MHA into a single datab…

Beaulieu, W. T., Panaccione, D. G., Quach, Q. N., Smoot, K. L., & Clay, K. (2021). Diversification of ergot alkaloids and heritable fungal symbionts in morning glories. Communications Biology, 4(1). doi:10.1038/s42003-021-02870-z https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02870-z

Heritable microorganisms play critical roles in life cycles of many macro-organisms but their prevalence and functional roles are unknown for most plants. Bioactive ergot alkaloids produced by heritable Periglandula fungi occur in some morning glories (Convolvulaceae), similar to ergot alkaloids in …

Vasconcelos, T., Boyko, J. D., & Beaulieu, J. M. (2021). Linking mode of seed dispersal and climatic niche evolution in flowering plants. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14292 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14292

Aim: Due to the sessile nature of flowering plants, movements to new geographical areas occur mainly during seed dispersal. Frugivores tend to be efficient dispersers because animals move within the boundaries of their preferable niches, so seeds are more likely to be transported to environments tha…

Wen, A., Wu, T., Zhu, X., Li, R., Wu, X., Chen, J., … Shang, C. (2021). Changes in the spatial distribution of Bryophytes on the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau under CMIP6 future projections. Environmental Earth Sciences, 81(1). doi:10.1007/s12665-021-10122-w https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-021-10122-w

Bryophytes play important roles in high altitude–latitude ecosystem owing to their extensive geographical coverage. Particularly, the insulating effect prevent permafrost degradation with the rapidly climate warming on the QTP. However, few studies investigated how Bryophytes will react to environme…

Moshobane, M. C., Mudereri, B. T., Mukundamago, M., & Chitata, T. (2022). Predicting future distribution patterns of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in South Africa in response to climate change. South African Journal of Botany, 146, 417–425. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2021.11.031 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2021.11.031

Invasive alien species such as Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia L.) pose immense threats to global food security, biodiversity, ecosystem integrity and provision of ecosystem services. The Bellyache bush has generally been naturalised in Africa but poses vast management challenges in the Afric…

Xue, T., Gadagkar, S. R., Albright, T. P., Yang, X., Li, J., Xia, C., … Yu, S. (2021). Prioritizing conservation of biodiversity in an alpine region: Distribution pattern and conservation status of seed plants in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Global Ecology and Conservation, 32, e01885. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01885 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01885

The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) harbors abundant and diverse plant life owing to its high habitat heterogeneity. However, the distribution pattern of biodiversity hotspots and their conservation status remain unclear. Based on 148,283 high-resolution occurrence coordinates of 13,450 seed plants, w…

Grebennikov, K. (2021). Ecological niche modeling to assessment of potential distribution of Neodiprion abietis (Harris, 1841) (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Diprionidae) in Eurasia. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 1(1), 1–7. doi:10.51483/ijagst.1.1.2021.1-7 https://doi.org/10.51483/ijagst.1.1.2021.1-7

In the article first assesses the potential distribution in Eurasia of Neodiprion abietis (Harris, 1841) first time assessed. The species id a widely distributed in North America fir and spruce defoliator, intercepted in 2016 in the Netherlands. Analysis of the literature data on the known distribut…

López‐Delgado, J., & Meirmans, P. G. (2021). History or demography? Determining the drivers of genetic variation in North American plants. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16230 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16230

Understanding the impact of historical and demographic processes on genetic variation is essential for devising conservation strategies and predicting responses to climate change. Recolonization after Pleistocene glaciations is expected to leave distinct genetic signatures, characterised by lower ge…