Science Enabled by Specimen Data

De Siracusa, P. C., Gadelha, L. M. R., & Ziviani, A. (2020). New perspectives on analysing data from biological collections based on social network analytics. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-60134-y https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60134-y

Biological collections have been historically regarded as fundamental sources of scientific information on biodiversity. They are commonly associated with a variety of biases, which must be characterized and mitigated before data can be consumed. In this work, we are motivated by taxonomic and colle…

Pisarenko, O. Y., Bakalin, V. A., & Ignatova, E. A. (2020). Hookeria acutifolia (Hookeriaceae, Bryophyta), a new species for the moss flora of Russia. Botanica Pacifica. doi:10.17581/bp.2020.09104 https://doi.org/10.17581/bp.2020.09104

Hookeria acutifolia Hook. & Grev. was found on Kunashir Island (South Kuril Islands, East Asia). This is the northernmost locality of the species in Asia and the first record for Russia. A description and illustrations of the species based on the Russian specimen are provided. Details on its ecology…

Vaz, E., & Penfound, E. (2020). Mars Terraforming: A Geographic Information Systems Framework. Life Sciences in Space Research, 24, 50–63. doi:10.1016/j.lssr.2019.12.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2019.12.001

This study has developed a GIS framework that uses spatial environmental and climate data to better understand areas on Earth that share the most environmental similarities to Mars. The purpose of developing this framework is to determine which vegetation is most likely to survive in closed bioregen…

Panchen, Z. A., Doubt, J., Kharouba, H. M., & Johnston, M. O. (2019). Patterns and biases in an Arctic herbarium specimen collection: Implications for phenological research. Applications in Plant Sciences, 7(3), e01229. doi:10.1002/aps3.1229 https://doi.org/10.1002/aps3.1229

Premise of the Study: Herbarium specimens are increasingly used in phenological studies. However, natural history collections can have biases that influence the analysis of phenological events. Arctic environments, where remoteness and cold climate govern collection logistics, may give rise to uniqu…