Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Goodwin, Z. A., Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Harris, D. J., Wells, T., Wood, J. R. I., Filer, D., & Scotland, R. W. (2020). How long does it take to discover a species? Systematics and Biodiversity, 1–10. doi:10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339 https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339

The description of a new species is a key step in cataloguing the World’s flora. However, this is only a preliminary stage in a long process of understanding what that species represents. We investigated how long the species discovery process takes by focusing on three key stages: 1, the collection …

Levy, R., Paces, M., & Hufft, R. (2020). Sampling event dataset for ecological monitoring of riparian restoration effort in Colorado foothills. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8. doi:10.3897/bdj.8.e51817 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e51817

The foothills and shortgrass prairie ecosystems of Colorado, United States, have undergone substantial and sustained anthropogenic habitat change over the past two centuries. Riparian systems have been dramatically altered by agriculture, hydrological engineering, urbanisation and the introduction o…

Li, M., He, J., Zhao, Z., Lyu, R., Yao, M., Cheng, J., & Xie, L. (2020). Predictive modelling of the distribution of Clematis sect. Fruticella s. str. under climate change reveals a range expansion during the Last Glacial Maximum. PeerJ, 8, e8729. doi:10.7717/peerj.8729 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8729

Background The knowledge of distributional dynamics of living organisms is a prerequisite for protecting biodiversity and for the sustainable use of biotic resources. Clematis sect. Fruticella s. str. is a small group of shrubby, yellow-flowered species distributed mainly in arid and semi-arid areas…

Ringelberg, J. J., Zimmermann, N. E., Weeks, A., Lavin, M., & Hughes, C. E. (2020). Biomes as evolutionary arenas: Convergence and conservatism in the trans‐continental succulent biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13089 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13089

Aim: Historically, biomes have been defined based on their structurally and functionally similar vegetation, but there is debate about whether these similarities are superficial, and about how biomes are defined and mapped. We propose that combined assessment of evolutionary convergence of plant fun…

Schubert, M., Groenvold, L., Sandve, S. R., Hvidsten, T. R., & Fjellheim, S. (2019). Evolution of cold acclimation and its role in niche transition in the temperate grass subfamily Pooideae. Plant Physiology, pp.01448.2018. doi:10.1104/pp.18.01448 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.18.01448

The grass subfamily Pooideae dominates the grass floras in cold temperate regions, and has evolved complex physiological adaptations to cope with extreme environmental conditions like frost, winter and seasonality. One such adaptation is cold acclimation, wherein plants increase their frost toleranc…

Wan, J.-Z., Wang, C.-J., & Yu, F.-H. (2019). Large-scale environmental niche variation between clonal and non-clonal plant species: Roles of clonal growth organs and ecoregions. Science of The Total Environment, 652, 1071–1076. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.280 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.280

Clonal plant species can produce genetically identical and potentially independent offspring, and dominate a variety of habitats. The divergent evolutionary mechanisms between clonal and non-clonal plants are interesting areas of ecological research. A number of studies have shown that the environme…

Duffy, K. J., & Jacquemyn, H. (2018). Climate change increases ecogeographical isolation between closely related plants. Journal of Ecology, 107(1), 167–177. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13032 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13032

1.Ecogeographic isolation is a fundamental prezygotic barrier to reproduction and a step toward diversification in flowering plants. However, whether ecogeographic isolation acts as a reproductive barrier between species and thus as a mechanism for species divergence is unclear and is expected to ch…

Joffard, N., Massol, F., Grenié, M., Montgelard, C., & Schatz, B. (2018). Effect of pollination strategy, phylogeny and distribution on pollination niches of Euro‐Mediterranean orchids. Journal of Ecology, 107(1), 478–490. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13013 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13013

1.Pollination niches are important components of ecological niches and have played a major role in the diversification of Angiosperms. In this study, we focused on Euro‐Mediterranean orchids, which use diverse pollination strategies and interact with various functional groups of insects. In these or…

Pérez Navarro, M. Á., Sapes, G., Batllori, E., Serra-Diaz, J. M., Esteve, M. A., & Lloret, F. (2018). Climatic Suitability Derived from Species Distribution Models Captures Community Responses to an Extreme Drought Episode. Ecosystems. doi:10.1007/s10021-018-0254-0 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-018-0254-0

The differential responses of co-occurring species in rich communities to climate change—particularly to drought episodes—have been fairly unexplored. Species distribution models (SDMs) are used to assess changes in species suitability under environmental shifts, but whether they can portray populat…