Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Schneider, K., Makowski, D., & van der Werf, W. (2021). Predicting hotspots for invasive species introduction in Europe. Environmental Research Letters. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac2f19 https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac2f19

Plant pest invasions cost billions of Euros each year in Europe. Prediction of likely places of pest introduction could greatly help focus efforts on prevention and control and thus reduce societal costs of pest invasions. Here, we test whether generic data-driven risk maps of pest introduction, val…

Gilioli, G., Sperandio, G., Colturato, M., Pasquali, S., Gervasio, P., Wilstermann, A., … Schrader, G. (2021). Non-linear physiological responses to climate change: the case of Ceratitis capitata distribution and abundance in Europe. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02639-9 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02639-9

Understanding how climate change might influence the distribution and abundance of crop pests is fundamental for the development and the implementation of pest management strategies. Here we present and apply a modelling framework assessing the non-linear physiological responses of the life-history …

Qu, J., Xu, Y., Cui, Y., Wu, S., Wang, L., Liu, X., … Wang, X. (2021). MODB: a comprehensive mitochondrial genome database for Mollusca. Database, 2021. doi:10.1093/database/baab056 https://doi.org/10.1093/database/baab056

Mollusca is the largest marine phylum, comprising about 23% of all named marine organisms, Mollusca systematics are still in flux, and an increase in human activities has affected Molluscan reproduction and development, strongly impacting diversity and classification. Therefore, it is necessary to e…

Moore, M. P., Hersch, K., Sricharoen, C., Lee, S., Reice, C., Rice, P., … Fowler-Finn, K. D. (2021). Sex-specific ornament evolution is a consistent feature of climatic adaptation across space and time in dragonflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(28), e2101458118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2101458118 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2101458118

Adaptation to different climates fuels the origins and maintenance of biodiversity. Detailing how organisms optimize fitness for their local climates is therefore an essential goal in biology. Although we increasingly understand how survival-related traits evolve as organisms adapt to climatic condi…

Sobral-Souza, T., Stropp, J., Santos, J. P., Prasniewski, V. M., Szinwelski, N., Vilela, B., … Hortal, J. (2021). Knowledge gaps hamper understanding the relationship between fragmentation and biodiversity loss: the case of Atlantic Forest fruit-feeding butterflies. PeerJ, 9, e11673. doi:10.7717/peerj.11673 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11673

Background A key challenge for conservation biology in the Neotropics is to understand how deforestation affects biodiversity at various levels of landscape fragmentation. Addressing this challenge requires expanding the coverage of known biodiversity data, which remain to date restricted to a few w…

Hausdorf, B., & Walther, F. (2021). A forgotten subspecies of the land snail species Arianta arbustorum from a Pleistocene refuge in the Western Alps. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 87(2). doi:10.1093/mollus/eyab017 https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/eyab017

Alpine Arianta populations from the Biellese Alps in Italy are characterized by imperforate, thin-shelled, dark brown shells without or with sparse light spots that resemble widespread phenotypes of Arianta arbustorum arbustorum found in calcium-deficient areas. Therefore, they were not considered a…

Maresova, J., Suchackova Bartonova, A., Konvicka, M., Høye, T. T., Gilg, O., Kresse, J., … Faltynek Fric, Z. (2020). The story of endurance: Biogeography and the evolutionary history of four Holarctic butterflies with different habitat requirements. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14022 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14022

Aim: Biogeographical studies on the entire ranges of widely distributed species can change our perception of species’ range dynamics. We studied the effects of Pleistocene glacial cycles on current butterfly species distributions, aiming to uncover complex biogeographic patterns in the Holarctic, a …

Orr, M. C., Hughes, A. C., Chesters, D., Pickering, J., Zhu, C.-D., & Ascher, J. S. (2020). Global Patterns and Drivers of Bee Distribution. Current Biology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.10.053 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.10.053

Insects are the focus of many recent studies suggesting population declines, but even invaluable pollination service providers such as bees lack a modern distributional synthesis. Here, we combine a uniquely comprehensive checklist of bee species distributions and >5,800,000 public bee occurrence re…

Tan, K., Lu, T., & Ren, M.-X. (2020). Biogeography and evolution of Asian Gesneriaceae based on updated taxonomy. PhytoKeys, 157, 7–26. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.157.34032 https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.157.34032

Based on an updated taxonomy of Gesneriaceae, the biogeography and evolution of the Asian Gesneriaceae are outlined and discussed. Most of the Asian Gesneriaceae belongs to Didymocarpoideae, except Titanotrichum was recently moved into Gesnerioideae. Most basal taxa of the Asian Gesneriaceae are fou…

Liu, X., Blackburn, T. M., Song, T., Wang, X., Huang, C., & Li, Y. (2020). Animal invaders threaten protected areas worldwide. Nature Communications, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2

Protected areas are the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation. However, alien species invasion is an increasing threat to biodiversity, and the extent to which protected areas worldwide are resistant to incursions of alien species remains poorly understood. Here, we investigate establishment by 8…