Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Song, H.-Z., Naugolnykh, S. V., Wu, X.-K., Liu, X.-Y., & Jin, J.-H. (2021). Fertile Woodwardia from the middle Eocene of South China and its implications for palaeogeography and palaeoclimate. Plant Diversity. doi:10.1016/j.pld.2021.09.003 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2021.09.003

The genus Woodwardia, which together with the genera Anchistea and Lorinseria comprise the subfamily Woodwardioideae of Blechnaceae, has a disjunct distribution across Central and North America, Europe and the temperate to tropical areas of Asia. Fossil records of Woodwardia occur throughout the Pal…

Ma, C.-S., Zhang, W., Peng, Y., Zhao, F., Chang, X.-Q., Xing, K., … Rudolf, V. H. W. (2021). Climate warming promotes pesticide resistance through expanding overwintering range of a global pest. Nature Communications, 12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7

Climate change has the potential to change the distribution of pests globally and their resistance to pesticides, thereby threatening global food security in the 21st century. However, predicting where these changes occur and how they will influence current pest control efforts is a challenge. Using…

Henning, T., Allen, J. P., & Rodríguez Rodríguez, E. F. (2021). A new species of Utricularia Sect. Orchidioides (Lentibulariaceae) from the Amotape-Huancabamba Zone of North Peru. Darwiniana, Nueva Serie, 9(2), 299–311. doi:10.14522/darwiniana.2021.92.955 https://doi.org/10.14522/darwiniana.2021.92.955

A new species of Utricularia Section Orchidioides: Utricularia amotape-huancabambensis sp. nov. (Lentibulariaceae), endemic to Northern Peru is described and illustrated. It is known from two populations so far, both located in the Province Bongará, Dpto. Amazonas at ca. 2200 m altitude. The new spe…

Favre, A., Paule, J., & Ebersbach, J. (2021). Incongruences between nuclear and plastid phylogenies challenge the identification of correlates of diversification in Gentiana in the European Alpine System. Alpine Botany. doi:10.1007/s00035-021-00267-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00035-021-00267-6

Mountains are reservoirs for a tremendous biodiversity which was fostered by a suite of factors acting in concert throughout evolutionary times. These factors can be climatic, geological, or biotic, but the way they combine through time to generate diversity remains unknown. Here, we investigate the…

Wang, C.-J., & Wan, J.-Z. (2021). Functional trait perspective on suitable habitat distribution of invasive plant species at a global scale. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002

Plant invasion has been proved to threaten biodiversity conservation and ecosystem maintenance at a global scale. It is a challenge to project suitable habitat distributions of invasive plant species (IPS) for invasion risk assessment at large spatial scales. Interaction outcomes between native and …

Chauhan, H. K., Oli, S., Bisht, A. K., Meredith, C., & Leaman, D. (2021). Review of the biology, uses and conservation of the critically endangered endemic Himalayan species Nardostachys jatamansi (Caprifoliaceae). Biodiversity and Conservation. doi:10.1007/s10531-021-02269-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02269-6

The commercial demand for Nardostachys jatamansi in the global market has raised concern about its long-term sustainability. The genus Nardostachys is represented by the single species (Nardostachys jatamansi) endemic to the Himalayas. This study reviews biology, uses, threats, knowledge gaps, and c…

Roberts, J., & Florentine, S. (2021). Biology, distribution and management of the invasive Jatropha gossypiifolia (Bellyache bush): A global review of current and future management challenges and research gaps. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12504 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12504

Jatropha gossypiifolia (Bellyache bush) is an evergreen, perennial, invasive woody shrub that globally threatens agricultural and native landscapes. The species is native to North and South America, but is currently found in over 52 countries; in many of these countries, it is listed as invasive, du…

Majure, L. C., Blankenship, A., Grinage, A., & Noa-Monzón, A. (2021). Castela (Simaroubaceae), an impressive New World radiation of thorny shrubs destined for edaphically dry habitats. Brazilian Journal of Botany. doi:10.1007/s40415-021-00742-8 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-021-00742-8

Castela Turpin is composed of 16 known species and is found throughout edaphically dry zones across the American continents from the Sonoran Desert to the southern South American Chaco biogeographic region and Caribbean seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF). Castela is most diverse in the SDTF of t…

Chu, X., Gugger, P. F., Li, L., Zhao, J., & Li, Q. (2021). Responses of an endemic species ( Roscoea humeana ) in the Hengduan Mountains to climate change. Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13397 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13397

Aim: Adaptation, migration and extinction of species is closely associated with climate changes and shape the distribution of biodiversity. The adaptive responses of species in the biodiversity hotspot, the Hengduan Mountains, to climate change remain poorly understood. Location: The Hengduan Mount…

Rhodes, A. C., Plowes, R. M., Goolsby, J. A., Gaskin, J. F., Musyoka, B., Calatayud, P.-A., … Gilbert, L. E. (2021). The dilemma of Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus): a valued pasture grass and a highly invasive species. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02607-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02607-3

On a global scale, invasive grasses threaten biodiversity and ecosystem function. Nevertheless, the importation of forage grasses is a significant economic force driven by globalization. Pastureland and rangeland are of critical economic and ecological importance, but novel grass species may lead to…