Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Géron, C., Lembrechts, J. J., Borgelt, J., Lenoir, J., Hamdi, R., Mahy, G., … Monty, A. (2021). Urban alien plants in temperate oceanic regions of Europe originate from warmer native ranges. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02469-9 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02469-9

When colonizing new areas, alien plant species success can depend strongly on local environmental conditions. Microclimatic barriers might be the reason why some alien plant species thrive in urban areas, while others prefer rural environments. We tested the hypothesis that the climate in the native…

Pérez‐Navarro, M. Á., Serra‐Diaz, J. M., Svenning, J., Esteve‐Selma, M. Á., Hernández‐Bastida, J., & Lloret, F. (2021). Extreme drought reduces climatic disequilibrium in dryland plant communities. Oikos. doi:10.1111/oik.07882 https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.07882

High rates of climate change are currently exceeding many plant species' capacity to keep up with climate, leading to mismatches between climatic conditions and climatic preferences of the species present in a community. This disequilibrium between climate and community composition could diminish, h…

Mertens, A., Swennen, R., Rønsted, N., Vandelook, F., Panis, B., Sachter‐Smith, G., … Janssens, S. B. (2021). Conservation status assessment of banana crop wild relatives using species distribution modelling. Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13233 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13233

Aim: Crop wild relatives (CWR) are an essential source of genetic material for the improvement of certain traits in related crop species. Despite their importance, increasing public, scientific and political support, large gaps exist in the amount of genetic material collected and conserved of many…

Paź-Dyderska, S., Jagodziński, A. M., & Dyderski, M. K. (2021). Possible changes in spatial distribution of walnut (Juglans regia L.) in Europe under warming climate. Regional Environmental Change, 21(1). doi:10.1007/s10113-020-01745-z https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-020-01745-z

Juglans regia L. is a species of great importance for environmental management due to attractive wood and nutritious fruits, but also high invasive potential. Thus, uncertainties connected with its range shift are essential for environmental management. We aimed to predict the future climatic optimu…

Akin-Fajiye, M., & Akomolafe, G. F. (2021). Disturbance is an important predictor of the distribution of Lantana camara and Chromolaena odorata in Africa. Vegetos. doi:10.1007/s42535-020-00179-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s42535-020-00179-6

Most studies of invasion have used climatic variables without considering the importance of disturbance on the distribution of the species. In this study, MAXENT was used to model how disturbance, in addition to climatic factors, can affect the invasion of two of the most problematic plant invaders …

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…

Shaw, E. C., Fowler, R., Ohadi, S., Bayly, M. J., Barrett, R. A., Tibbits, J., … Cousens, R. D. (2020). Explaining the worldwide distributions of two highly mobile species: Cakile edentula and Cakile maritima. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14024 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14024

Aim: If we are able to determine the geographic origin of an invasion, as well as its known area of introduction, we can better appreciate the innate environmental tolerance of a species and the strength of selection for adaptation that colonizing populations have undergone. It also enables us to ma…

Kujawska, M. B., Rudawska, M., Stasińska, M., Pietras, M., & Leski, T. (2021). Distribution and ecological traits of a rare and threatened fungus Hericium flagellum in Poland with the prediction of its potential occurrence in Europe. Fungal Ecology, 50, 101035. doi:10.1016/j.funeco.2020.101035 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2020.101035

Hericium flagellum is a highly host-dependent wood-inhabiting fungus in Europe. Its occurrence is strongly connected to the distribution of silver fir (Abies alba). We analysed available data describing ecological factors, especially habitat, substrate preferences and phenology, which are regarded a…

Cours, J., Larrieu, L., Lopez-Vaamonde, C., Müller, J., Parmain, G., Thorn, S., & Bouget, C. (2021). Contrasting responses of habitat conditions and insect biodiversity to pest- or climate-induced dieback in coniferous mountain forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 482, 118811. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118811 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118811

Natural disturbances are major drivers of forest dynamics. However, in the current context of anthropogenic global warming, shifts in disturbance regimes are expected. Natural disturbances usually leave biological or structural legacies which are important for early-successional species. Nevertheles…

Brendel, M. R., Schurr, F. M., & Sheppard, C. S. (2020). Inter‐ and intraspecific selection in alien plants: How population growth, functional traits and climate responses change with residence time. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13228 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13228

Aim: When alien species are introduced to new ranges, climate or trait mismatches may initially constrain their population growth. However, inter‐ and intraspecific selection in the new environment should cause population growth rates to increase with residence time. Using a species‐for‐time approac…