Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Zizka, A., Antunes Carvalho, F., Calvente, A., Rocio Baez-Lizarazo, M., Cabral, A., Coelho, J. F. R., … Antonelli, A. (2020). No one-size-fits-all solution to clean GBIF. PeerJ, 8, e9916. doi:10.7717/peerj.9916 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9916

Species occurrence records provide the basis for many biodiversity studies. They derive from georeferenced specimens deposited in natural history collections and visual observations, such as those obtained through various mobile applications. Given the rapid increase in availability of such data, th…

Marciniuk, P., Marciniuk, J., Łysko, A., Krajewski, Ł., Chudecka, J., Skrzyczyńska, J., & Popiela, A. A. (2020). Rediscovery of Cyperus flavescens (Cyperaceae) on the northeast periphery of its range in Europe. PeerJ, 8, e9837. doi:10.7717/peerj.9837 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9837

In recent years, three large populations of Cyperus flavescens were found in Poland, the richest occurrence of this species in over 30 years. The goal of this research is to determine the habitat factors lead to the mass occurrence of C. flavescens and the present situation of that species and its h…

Cross, A. T., Krueger, T. A., Gonella, P. M., Robinson, A. S., & Fleischmann, A. S. (2020). Conservation of carnivorous plants in the age of extinction. Global Ecology and Conservation, e01272. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01272 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01272

Carnivorous plants (CPs)—those possessing specific strategies to attract, capture and kill animal prey and obtain nutrition through the absorption of their biomass—are harbingers of anthropogenic degradation and destruction of ecosystems. CPs exhibit highly specialised and often very sensitive ecolo…

Tan, K., Lu, T., & Ren, M.-X. (2020). Biogeography and evolution of Asian Gesneriaceae based on updated taxonomy. PhytoKeys, 157, 7–26. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.157.34032 https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.157.34032

Based on an updated taxonomy of Gesneriaceae, the biogeography and evolution of the Asian Gesneriaceae are outlined and discussed. Most of the Asian Gesneriaceae belongs to Didymocarpoideae, except Titanotrichum was recently moved into Gesnerioideae. Most basal taxa of the Asian Gesneriaceae are fou…

De Jesús Hernández-Hernández, M., Cruz, J. A., & Castañeda-Posadas, C. (2020). Paleoclimatic and vegetation reconstruction of the miocene southern Mexico using fossil flowers. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 104, 102827. doi:10.1016/j.jsames.2020.102827 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2020.102827

Concern about the course of the current environmental problems has raised interest in investigating the different scenarios that have taken place in our planet throughout time. To that end, different methodologies have been employed in order to determine the different variables that compose the envi…

Frankiewicz, K. E., Chau, J. H., & Oskolski, A. A. (2020). Wood and bark of Buddleja: uniseriate phellem, and systematic and ecological patterns. IAWA Journal, 1–40. doi:10.1163/22941932-bja10020 https://doi.org/10.1163/22941932-bja10020

Wood anatomy of Buddleja is well-explored but not in many southern African members, which form a grade of species and small clades that form successive sister groups to the rest of the genus, and its bark structure has not been studied at all. We provide new descriptions of wood anatomy for twelve s…

De Simone, W., Iannella, M., D’Alessandro, P., & Biondi, M. (2020). Assessing influence in biofuel production and ecosystem services when environmental changes affect plant–pest relationships. GCB Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12727 https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12727

Climate change is currently affecting both biodiversity and human activities; land use change and greenhouse gas emissions are the main drivers. Many agricultural services are affected by the change, which in turn reflects on the basic provisioning services, which supply food, fibre and biofuels. Bi…

Bellot, S., Bayton, R. P., Couvreur, T. L. P., Dodsworth, S., Eiserhardt, W. L., Guignard, M. S., … Baker, W. J. (2020). On the origin of giant seeds: the macroevolution of the double coconut ( Lodoicea maldivica ) and its relatives (Borasseae, Arecaceae). New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.16750 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16750

Seed size shapes plant evolution and ecosystems, and may be driven by plant size and architecture, dispersers, habitat and insularity. How these factors influence the evolution of giant seeds is unclear, as are the rate of evolution and the biogeographical consequences of giant seeds. We generated D…

Liu, X., Blackburn, T. M., Song, T., Wang, X., Huang, C., & Li, Y. (2020). Animal invaders threaten protected areas worldwide. Nature Communications, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2

Protected areas are the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation. However, alien species invasion is an increasing threat to biodiversity, and the extent to which protected areas worldwide are resistant to incursions of alien species remains poorly understood. Here, we investigate establishment by 8…

Bohora Schlickmann, M., da Silva, A. C., de Oliveira, L. M., Oliveira Matteucci, D., Domingos Machado, F., Cuchi, T., … Higuchi, P. (2020). Specific leaf area is a potential indicator of tree species sensitive to future climate change in the mixed Subtropical Forests of southern Brazil. Ecological Indicators, 116, 106477. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106477 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106477

Global warming represents one of the most important threats to biodiversity. Because the functional traits of plants influence the performance of individuals under different environmental conditions, we aimed to describe the functional traits of the most frequent tree species found in the Brazilian …