Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Zhang, Y., Chen, J., & Sun, H. (2021). Alpine speciation and morphological innovations: revelations from a species-rich genus in the Northern Hemisphere. AoB PLANTS. doi:10.1093/aobpla/plab018 https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plab018

Background and Aims A large number of studies have attempted to determine the mechanisms driving plant diversity and distribution on a global scale, but the diverse and endemic alpine herbs found in harsh environments, showing adaptive evolution, require more studies. Methods Here, we selected 466 s…

Wieringa, J. G., Carstens, B. C., & Gibbs, H. L. (2021). Predicting migration routes for three species of migratory bats using species distribution models. PeerJ, 9, e11177. doi:10.7717/peerj.11177 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11177

Understanding seasonal variation in the distribution and movement patterns of migratory species is essential to monitoring and conservation efforts. While there are many species of migratory bats in North America, little is known about their seasonal movements. In terms of conservation, this is impo…

Rock, B. M., & Daru, B. H. (2021). Impediments to Understanding Seagrasses’ Response to Global Change. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8. doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.608867 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.608867

Uncertainties from sampling biases present challenges to ecologists and evolutionary biologists in understanding species sensitivity to anthropogenic climate change. Here, we synthesize possible impediments that can constrain research to assess present and future seagrass response from climate chang…

DeLaMater, D. S., Couture, J. J., Puzey, J. R., & Dalgleish, H. J. (2021). Range‐wide variations in common milkweed traits and their effect on monarch larvae. American Journal of Botany, 108(3), 388–401. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1630 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1630

Premise: Leaf economic spectrum (LES) theory has historically been employed to inform vegetation models of ecosystem processes, but largely neglects intraspecific variation and biotic interactions. We attempt to integrate across environment–plant trait–herbivore interactions within a species at a ra…

Saldaña‐López, A., Vilà, M., Lloret, F., Manuel Herrera, J., & González‐Moreno, P. (2021). Assembly of species’ climatic niches of coastal communities does not shift after invasion. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(2). doi:10.1111/jvs.12989 https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12989

Question: Do invasions by invasive plant species with contrasting trait profiles (Arctotheca calendula, Carpobrotus spp., Conyza bonariensis, and Opuntia dillenii) change the climatic niche of coastal plant communities? Location: Atlantic coastal habitats in Huelva (Spain). Methods: We identifi…

Follak, S., Bakacsy, L., Essl, F., Hochfellner, L., Lapin, K., Schwarz, M., … Wołkowycki, D. (2021). Monograph of invasive plants in Europe N°6: Asclepias syriaca L. Botany Letters, 1–30. doi:10.1080/23818107.2021.1886984 https://doi.org/10.1080/23818107.2021.1886984

This work synthesizes all aspects of Asclepias syriaca L. (Apocynaceae) including the taxonomy, distribution, history of introduction and spread, ecology, biology, uses and benefits, impacts on biodiversity and agriculture, legislation, and management. Asclepias syriaca is a perennial broad-leaved s…

Chauvel, B., Fried, G., Follak, S., Chapman, D., Kulakova, Y., Le Bourgeois, T., … Regnier, E. (2021). Monographs on invasive plants in Europe N° 5: Ambrosia trifida L. Botany Letters, 1–24. doi:10.1080/23818107.2021.1879674 https://doi.org/10.1080/23818107.2021.1879674

Ambrosia trifida L. (giant ragweed, Asteraceae) is native to the North American continent and was introduced into Europe and Asia at the end of the 19th century. In its native range, this tall annual species is common in riparian and ruderal habitats and is also a major weed in annual cropping syste…

Géron, C., Lembrechts, J. J., Borgelt, J., Lenoir, J., Hamdi, R., Mahy, G., … Monty, A. (2021). Urban alien plants in temperate oceanic regions of Europe originate from warmer native ranges. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02469-9 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02469-9

When colonizing new areas, alien plant species success can depend strongly on local environmental conditions. Microclimatic barriers might be the reason why some alien plant species thrive in urban areas, while others prefer rural environments. We tested the hypothesis that the climate in the native…

Bell-Doyon, P., Selva, S. B., & McMullin, T. R. (2021). Calicioid fungi and lichens from an unprotected intact forest ecosystem in Québec. Écoscience, 1–10. doi:10.1080/11956860.2021.1885804 https://doi.org/10.1080/11956860.2021.1885804

Calicioid lichens and fungi form a diverse polyphyletic group whose species richness is often associated with old-growth forests and ecological continuity. One of the last intact forest landscapes south of the 50th parallel in Québec includes the Ya’nienhonhndeh territory, which has been the focus o…

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…