Science Enabled by Specimen Data

De Oliveira, M. H. V., Torke, B. M., & Almeida, T. E. (2021). An inventory of the ferns and lycophytes of the Lower Tapajós River Basin in the Brazilian Amazon reveals collecting biases, sampling gaps, and previously undocumented diversity. Brittonia. doi:10.1007/s12228-021-09668-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-021-09668-7

Ferns and lycophytes are an excellent group for conservation and species distribution studies because they are closely related to environmental changes. In this study, we analyzed collection gaps, sampling biases, richness distribution, and the species conservation effectiveness of protected areas i…

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…

Bell-Doyon, P., Selva, S. B., & McMullin, T. R. (2021). Calicioid fungi and lichens from an unprotected intact forest ecosystem in Québec. Écoscience, 1–10. doi:10.1080/11956860.2021.1885804 https://doi.org/10.1080/11956860.2021.1885804

Calicioid lichens and fungi form a diverse polyphyletic group whose species richness is often associated with old-growth forests and ecological continuity. One of the last intact forest landscapes south of the 50th parallel in Québec includes the Ya’nienhonhndeh territory, which has been the focus o…

Singhal, S., Roddy, A. B., DiVittorio, C., Sanchez‐Amaya, A., Henriquez, C. L., Brodersen, C. R., … Zapata, F. (2021). Diversification, disparification and hybridization in the desert shrubs Encelia. New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.17212 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17212

There are multiple hypotheses for the spectacular plant diversity found in deserts. We explore how different factors, including the roles of ecological opportunity and selection, promote diversification and disparification in Encelia, a lineage of woody plants in the deserts of the Americas. Using a…

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…

Brendel, M. R., Schurr, F. M., & Sheppard, C. S. (2020). Inter‐ and intraspecific selection in alien plants: How population growth, functional traits and climate responses change with residence time. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13228 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13228

Aim: When alien species are introduced to new ranges, climate or trait mismatches may initially constrain their population growth. However, inter‐ and intraspecific selection in the new environment should cause population growth rates to increase with residence time. Using a species‐for‐time approac…

Büchi, L., Cordeau, S., Hull, R., & Rodenburg, J. (2020). Vulpia myuros , an increasing threat for agriculture. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12456 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12456

Vulpia myuros is an annual grass species of Mediterranean origin, which has achieved a global distribution. It is a fast‐growing species, with high colonisation and competitive abilities. This species is considered an invasive weed in most countries where it has been introduced, with highly negative…

Bazzicalupo, A. L., Whitton, J., & Berbee, M. L. (2019). Over the hills, but how far away? Estimates of mushroom geographic range extents. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.13617 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13617

Aim: Geographic distributions of mushroom species remain poorly understood despite their importance for advancing our understanding of the habitat requirements, species interactions and ecosystem functions of this key group of organisms. Here, we estimate geographic range extents (maximum within‐spe…

Mason, C. M., LaScaleia, M. C., De La Pascua, D. R., Monroe, J. G., & Goolsby, E. W. (2020). Learning from Dynamic Traits: Seasonal Shifts Yield Insights into Ecophysiological Trade-Offs across Scales from Macroevolutionary to Intraindividual. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 181(1), 88–102. doi:10.1086/706238 https://doi.org/10.1086/706238

Premise of the Research. Phylogenetic comparative methods provide a powerful approach for exploring the macroevolution of plant functional traits. Such approaches can uncover trait-trait correlations through evolutionary time, as well as provide evidence of the role of traits in adaptation across en…

De La Pascua, D. R., Smith‐Winterscheidt, C., Dowell, J. A., Goolsby, E. W., & Mason, C. M. (2020). Evolutionary trade‐offs in the chemical defense of floral and fruit tissues across genus Cornus. American Journal of Botany, 107(9), 1260–1273. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1540 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1540

Premise: Defense investment in plant reproductive structures is relatively understudied compared to the defense of vegetative organs. Here the evolution of chemical defenses in reproductive structures is examined in light of the optimal defense, apparency, and resource availability hypotheses within…