Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Qu, J., Xu, Y., Cui, Y., Wu, S., Wang, L., Liu, X., … Wang, X. (2021). MODB: a comprehensive mitochondrial genome database for Mollusca. Database, 2021. doi:10.1093/database/baab056 https://doi.org/10.1093/database/baab056

Mollusca is the largest marine phylum, comprising about 23% of all named marine organisms, Mollusca systematics are still in flux, and an increase in human activities has affected Molluscan reproduction and development, strongly impacting diversity and classification. Therefore, it is necessary to e…

Wang, C.-J., & Wan, J.-Z. (2021). Functional trait perspective on suitable habitat distribution of invasive plant species at a global scale. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002

Plant invasion has been proved to threaten biodiversity conservation and ecosystem maintenance at a global scale. It is a challenge to project suitable habitat distributions of invasive plant species (IPS) for invasion risk assessment at large spatial scales. Interaction outcomes between native and …

Catarino, S., Brilhante, M., Essoh, A. P., Charrua, A. B., Rangel, J., Roxo, G., … Romeiras, M. M. (2021). Exploring physicochemical and cytogenomic diversity of African cowpea and common bean. Scientific Reports, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-91929-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-91929-2

In sub-Saharan Africa, grain legumes (pulses) are essential food sources and play an important role in sustainable agriculture. Among the major pulse crops, the native cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and introduced common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) stand out. This paper has two main goals. First, we provi…

Allen, K. E., Tapondjou, W. P., Freeman, B., Cooper, J. C., Brown, R. M., & Peterson, A. T. (2021). Modelling potential Pleistocene habitat corridors between Afromontane forest regions. Biodiversity and Conservation, 30(8-9), 2361–2375. doi:10.1007/s10531-021-02198-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02198-4

The unusually high floral and faunal similarity between the different regions of the Afromontane archipelago has been noted by biogeographers since the late 1800s. A possible explanation for this similarity is the spread of montane habitat into the intervening lowlands during the glacial periods of …

Chalkowski, K., Morgan, A., Lepczyk, C. A., & Zohdy, S. (2021). Spread of an Avian Eye Fluke, Philophthalmus gralli, through Biological Invasion of an Intermediate Host. Journal of Parasitology, 107(2). doi:10.1645/20-72 https://doi.org/10.1645/20-72

Philophthalmus is a genus of globally distributed parasitic eye flukes with some members of the genus found in disparate locales. In particular, Philophthalmus gralli, a zoonotic trematode, appears to be a relatively new introduction to the Americas, facilitated by spillover from the invasive snails…

Klisz, M., Puchałka, R., Netsvetov, M., Prokopuk, Y., Vítková, M., Sádlo, J., … Koprowski, M. (2021). Variability in climate-growth reaction of Robinia pseudoacacia in Eastern Europe indicates potential for acclimatisation to future climate. Forest Ecology and Management, 492, 119194. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119194 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2021.119194

As a consequence of native tree species decline and distribution range contraction in Europe, acclimation of the non-native tree species at the edge of their distribution is gaining importance. Although non-native tree species may provide sustainable ecosystem services, as a potentially invasive spe…

Iannella, M., D’Alessandro, P., De Simone, W., & Biondi, M. (2021). Habitat Specificity, Host Plants and Areas of Endemism for the Genera-Group Blepharida s.l. in the Afrotropical Region (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae, Alticini). Insects, 12(4), 299. doi:10.3390/insects12040299 https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12040299

The genus Calotheca Heyden (Chrysomelidae) is mainly distributed in the eastern and southern parts of sub-Saharan Africa, with some extensions northward, while Blepharidina Bechyné occurs in the intertropical zone of Africa, with two subgenera, Blepharidina s. str. and Blepharidina(Afroblepharida) B…

Saldaña‐López, A., Vilà, M., Lloret, F., Manuel Herrera, J., & González‐Moreno, P. (2021). Assembly of species’ climatic niches of coastal communities does not shift after invasion. Journal of Vegetation Science, 32(2). doi:10.1111/jvs.12989 https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12989

Question: Do invasions by invasive plant species with contrasting trait profiles (Arctotheca calendula, Carpobrotus spp., Conyza bonariensis, and Opuntia dillenii) change the climatic niche of coastal plant communities? Location: Atlantic coastal habitats in Huelva (Spain). Methods: We identifi…

Allstädt, F. J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., … Pross, J. (2021). Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. doi:10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00460-1

Marked by the expansion of ice sheets in the high latitudes, the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation across the Plio/Pleistocene transition at ~ 2.7 Ma represents a critical interval of late Neogene climate evolution. To date, the characteristics of climate change in North America duri…

Catarino, S., Rangel, J., Darbyshire, I., Costa, E., Duarte, M. C., & Romeiras, M. M. (2021). Conservation priorities for African Vigna species: Unveiling Angola’s diversity hotspots. Global Ecology and Conservation, 25, e01415. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01415 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01415

It is widely recognized that the conservation of the Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) in their wild habitats is fundamental to ensure the continuous supply of novel genetic material, crucial for future crop improvement. Vigna unguiculata (cowpea) and V. subterranea (bambara groundnut) are amongst the most …