Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Ma, C.-S., Zhang, W., Peng, Y., Zhao, F., Chang, X.-Q., Xing, K., … Rudolf, V. H. W. (2021). Climate warming promotes pesticide resistance through expanding overwintering range of a global pest. Nature Communications, 12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25505-7

Climate change has the potential to change the distribution of pests globally and their resistance to pesticides, thereby threatening global food security in the 21st century. However, predicting where these changes occur and how they will influence current pest control efforts is a challenge. Using…

Wang, C.-J., & Wan, J.-Z. (2021). Functional trait perspective on suitable habitat distribution of invasive plant species at a global scale. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002

Plant invasion has been proved to threaten biodiversity conservation and ecosystem maintenance at a global scale. It is a challenge to project suitable habitat distributions of invasive plant species (IPS) for invasion risk assessment at large spatial scales. Interaction outcomes between native and …

Rhodes, A. C., Plowes, R. M., Goolsby, J. A., Gaskin, J. F., Musyoka, B., Calatayud, P.-A., … Gilbert, L. E. (2021). The dilemma of Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus): a valued pasture grass and a highly invasive species. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02607-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02607-3

On a global scale, invasive grasses threaten biodiversity and ecosystem function. Nevertheless, the importation of forage grasses is a significant economic force driven by globalization. Pastureland and rangeland are of critical economic and ecological importance, but novel grass species may lead to…

Roberts, J., & Florentine, S. (2021). Biology, distribution and control of the invasive species Ulex europaeus (Gorse): A global synthesis of current and future management challenges and research gaps. Weed Research. doi:10.1111/wre.12491 https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12491

Ulex europaeus (Gorse) is one of the most invasive shrubs in the world, being now found in more than 50 countries where it economically and environmentally degrades the land. This highly versatile shrub can live more than 30 years and produce over 18,000 fertile seeds annually that can remain viable…

Mairal, M., Chown, S. L., Shaw, J., Chala, D., Chau, J. H., Hui, C., … Le Roux, J. J. (2021). Human activity strongly influences genetic dynamics of the most widespread invasive plant in the sub‐Antarctic. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16045 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16045

The link between the successful establishment of alien species and propagule pressure is well-documented. Less known is how humans influence the post-introduction dynamics of invasive alien populations. The latter requires studying parallel invasions by the same species in habitats that are differen…

Catarino, S., Romeiras, M. M., Pereira, J. M. C., & Figueira, R. (2021). Assessing the conservation of Miombo timber species through an integrated index of anthropogenic and climatic threats. Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1002/ece3.7717 https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7717

Aim: Angolan Miombo woodlands, rich in timber species of the Leguminosae family, go through one of the highest rates of deforestation in sub-Saharan Africa. This study presents, on the basis of updated information of the distribution of Leguminosae timber species native to Angola, an integrated inde…

Catarino, S., Brilhante, M., Essoh, A. P., Charrua, A. B., Rangel, J., Roxo, G., … Romeiras, M. M. (2021). Exploring physicochemical and cytogenomic diversity of African cowpea and common bean. Scientific Reports, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-91929-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-91929-2

In sub-Saharan Africa, grain legumes (pulses) are essential food sources and play an important role in sustainable agriculture. Among the major pulse crops, the native cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and introduced common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) stand out. This paper has two main goals. First, we provi…

Kriticos, D. J., Ireland, K. B., Morin, L., Kumaran, N., Rafter, M. A., Ota, N., & Raghu, S. (2021). Integrating ecoclimatic niche modelling methods into classical biological control programmes. Biological Control, 160, 104667. doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104667 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104667

Much of the success of a classical biological control programme hinges on identifying effective candidate agents, and once approved for release deploying them in the range invaded by the target organism at site-specific times of the year when they have the best chance of establishing. While suitable…

Bontrager, M., Usui, T., Lee‐Yaw, J. A., Anstett, D. N., Branch, H. A., Hargreaves, A. L., … Angert, A. L. (2021). Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion. Evolution. doi:10.1111/evo.14231 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14231

Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well‐adapted to their local environments due to drift, expansion load, or swamping gene flow from the range interior. Alternatively, populations near range edges…

Mazijk, R., Cramer, M. D., & Verboom, G. A. (2021). Environmental heterogeneity explains contrasting plant species richness between the South African Cape and southwestern Australia. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14118 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14118

Aim: Given the importance of environmental heterogeneity as a driver of species richness through its effects on species diversification and coexistence, we asked whether the dramatic difference in species richness per unit area between two similar Mediterranean‐type biodiversity hotspots is explaine…