Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Franco, M. J., Brea, M., & Cerdeño, E. (2021). First Bignoniaceae liana from the Miocene of South America and its evolutionary significance. American Journal of Botany. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1736 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1736

Premise: Two Bignoniaceae stems with the distinctive anatomy of a liana are described from the Miocene of South America. They are the first fossil evidence of climbing habit in Bignoniaceae. Methods: The fossil lianas are siliceous permineralizations. Transverse, tangential, and radial thin section…

Fulkerson, J. R., & Lease, K. (2021). SHORTER NOTE. American Fern Journal, 111(3). doi:10.1640/0002-8444-111.3.214 https://doi.org/10.1640/0002-8444-111.3.214

(no abstract available)

Ma, D., He, Z., Bai, X., Wang, W., Zhao, P., Lin, P., & Zhou, H. (2022). Atriplex canescens, a valuable plant in soil rehabilitation and forage production. A review. Science of The Total Environment, 804, 150287. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150287 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150287

A. canescens (Pure) Nutt. is a halophytic forage shrub distributes in arid and semiarid regions, which has great use potential in disturbed lands for its strong adaptability and feeding value. At present, land degradation caused by salinization, desertification and heavy metal pollution is still exp…

Wang, C.-J., & Wan, J.-Z. (2021). Functional trait perspective on suitable habitat distribution of invasive plant species at a global scale. Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecon.2021.07.002

Plant invasion has been proved to threaten biodiversity conservation and ecosystem maintenance at a global scale. It is a challenge to project suitable habitat distributions of invasive plant species (IPS) for invasion risk assessment at large spatial scales. Interaction outcomes between native and …

Chauhan, H. K., Oli, S., Bisht, A. K., Meredith, C., & Leaman, D. (2021). Review of the biology, uses and conservation of the critically endangered endemic Himalayan species Nardostachys jatamansi (Caprifoliaceae). Biodiversity and Conservation. doi:10.1007/s10531-021-02269-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02269-6

The commercial demand for Nardostachys jatamansi in the global market has raised concern about its long-term sustainability. The genus Nardostachys is represented by the single species (Nardostachys jatamansi) endemic to the Himalayas. This study reviews biology, uses, threats, knowledge gaps, and c…

Majure, L. C., Blankenship, A., Grinage, A., & Noa-Monzón, A. (2021). Castela (Simaroubaceae), an impressive New World radiation of thorny shrubs destined for edaphically dry habitats. Brazilian Journal of Botany. doi:10.1007/s40415-021-00742-8 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-021-00742-8

Castela Turpin is composed of 16 known species and is found throughout edaphically dry zones across the American continents from the Sonoran Desert to the southern South American Chaco biogeographic region and Caribbean seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF). Castela is most diverse in the SDTF of t…

Rhodes, A. C., Plowes, R. M., Goolsby, J. A., Gaskin, J. F., Musyoka, B., Calatayud, P.-A., … Gilbert, L. E. (2021). The dilemma of Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus): a valued pasture grass and a highly invasive species. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02607-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02607-3

On a global scale, invasive grasses threaten biodiversity and ecosystem function. Nevertheless, the importation of forage grasses is a significant economic force driven by globalization. Pastureland and rangeland are of critical economic and ecological importance, but novel grass species may lead to…

Singh, M., Rajasekaran, A., & Kumar, L. (2021). Modeling potential hotspots of invasive Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC. In India. Ecological Informatics, 101386. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101386 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2021.101386

Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC has become one of the world's 100 most dominant invasive species. It is spreading quickly in different parts of the country leading to growing public concern. Effective management of invasive plants requires information regarding their spatial distributions and identif…

Baumbach, L., Warren, D. L., Yousefpour, R., & Hanewinkel, M. (2021). Climate change may induce connectivity loss and mountaintop extinction in Central American forests. Communications Biology, 4(1). doi:10.1038/s42003-021-02359-9 https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02359-9

The tropical forests of Central America serve a pivotal role as biodiversity hotspots and provide ecosystem services securing human livelihood. However, climate change is expected to affect the species composition of forest ecosystems, lead to forest type transitions and trigger irrecoverable losses…

Lopes, A., Demarchi, L. O., Franco, A. C., Ferreira, A. B., Ferreira, C. S., Wittmann, F., … Piedade, M. T. F. (2021). Predicting the potential distribution of aquatic herbaceous plants in oligotrophic Central Amazonian wetland ecosystems. Acta Botanica Brasilica. doi:10.1590/0102-33062020abb0188 https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062020abb0188

Aquatic herbaceous plants are especially suitable for mapping environmental variability in wetlands, as they respond quickly to environmental gradients and are good indicators of habitat preference. We describe the composition of herbaceous species in two oligotrophic wetland ecosystems, floodplains…