Science Enabled by Specimen Data

García‐Rodríguez, A., Basanta, M. D., García‐Castillo, M. G., Zumbado‐Ulate, H., Neam, K., Rovito, S., … Parra‐Olea, G. (2021). Anticipating the potential impacts of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans on Neotropical salamander diversity. Biotropica. doi:10.1111/btp.13042 https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.13042

Emergent infectious disease caused by the fungal pathogens Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) represents one of the major causes of biodiversity loss in amphibians. While Bd has affected amphibians worldwide, Bsal remains restricted to Asia and Europe, b…

Lewthwaite, J. M. M., & Mooers, A. Ø. (2021). Geographical homogenization but little net change in the local richness of Canadian butterflies. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13426 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13426

Aim: Recent studies have found that local-scale plots measured through time exhibit marked variation in the change in species richness. However, the overall effect often reveals no net change. Most studies to date have been agnostic about the identities of the species lost/gained and about the proce…

Sirois‐Delisle, C., & Kerr, J. T. (2021). Climate change aggravates non‐target effects of pesticides on dragonflies at macroecological scales. Ecological Applications. doi:10.1002/eap.2494 https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2494

Critical gaps in understanding how species respond to environmental change limit our capacity to address conservation risks in a timely way. Here, we examine the direct and interactive effects of key global change drivers, including climate change, land use change, and pesticide use, on persistence …

Ethier, J. P., Fayard, A., Soroye, P., Choi, D., Mazerolle, M. J., & Trudeau, V. L. (2021). Life history traits and reproductive ecology of North American chorus frogs of the genus Pseudacris (Hylidae). Frontiers in Zoology, 18(1). doi:10.1186/s12983-021-00425-w https://doi.org/10.1186/s12983-021-00425-w

Amphibian biodiversity is declining globally, with over 40% of species being considered threatened to become extinct. Crucial to the success of conservation initiatives are a comprehensive understanding of life history and reproductive ecology of target species. Here we provide an overview of the Ps…

Clement, R. A., Saxton, N. A., Standring, S., Arnold, P. R., Johnson, K. K., Bybee, D. R., & Bybee, S. M. (2021). Phylogeny, migration and geographic range size evolution of Anax dragonflies (Anisoptera: Aeshnidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab046 https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlab046

The genus Anax is a group of cosmopolitan dragonflies noted for its conspicuous migratory behaviours and large size. Here we present the first dated, species-level, multigene, molecular phylogeny for the group to test generic and species-limits, as well as the evolution of migration and range size. …

Moore, M. P., Hersch, K., Sricharoen, C., Lee, S., Reice, C., Rice, P., … Fowler-Finn, K. D. (2021). Sex-specific ornament evolution is a consistent feature of climatic adaptation across space and time in dragonflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(28), e2101458118. doi:10.1073/pnas.2101458118 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2101458118

Adaptation to different climates fuels the origins and maintenance of biodiversity. Detailing how organisms optimize fitness for their local climates is therefore an essential goal in biology. Although we increasingly understand how survival-related traits evolve as organisms adapt to climatic condi…

Azevedo, J. A. R., Guedes, T. B., Nogueira, C. de C., Passos, P., Sawaya, R. J., Prudente, A. L. C., … Antonelli, A. (2019). Museums and cradles of diversity are geographically coincident for narrowly distributed Neotropical snakes. Ecography, 43(2), 328–339. doi:10.1111/ecog.04815 https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.04815

Factors driving the spatial configuration of centres of endemism have long been a topic of broad interest and debate. Due to different eco‐evolutionary processes, these highly biodiverse areas may harbour different amounts of ancient and recently diverged organisms (paleo‐ and neo‐endemism, respecti…

Li, X., Li, B., Wang, G., Zhan, X., & Holyoak, M. (2020). Deeply digging the interaction effect in multiple linear regressions using a fractional-power interaction term. MethodsX, 7, 101067. doi:10.1016/j.mex.2020.101067 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2020.101067

In multiple regression Y ~ β0 + β1X1 + β2X2 + β3X1 X2 + ɛ., the interaction term is quantified as the product of X1 and X2. We developed fractional-power interaction regression (FPIR), using βX1M X2N as the interaction term. The rationale of FPIR is that the slopes of Y-X1 regression along the X2 gr…

Weterings, R., Barbetti, M., & Buckley, H. L. (2019). Hypothesis: Do invasive house geckos exacerbate dengue fever epidemics? Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-019-02066-x https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-019-02066-x

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that has undergone a marked rise in incidence since the 1950s, throughout the world’s tropical regions. Here, we present a hypothesis that this rise in incidence may have been exacerbated by the invasion of house geckos, due to their role in the mosquito vect…

Mothes, C. C., Stroud, J. T., Clements, S. L., & Searcy, C. A. (2019). Evaluating ecological niche model accuracy in predicting biotic invasions using South Florida’s exotic lizard community. Journal of Biogeography, 46(2), 432–441. doi:10.1111/jbi.13511 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13511

Aim: Predicting environmentally suitable areas for non‐native species is an important step in managing biotic invasions, and ecological niche models are commonly used to accomplish this task. Depending on these models to enact appropriate management plans assumes their accuracy, but most niche model…