Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Shaw, E. C., Fowler, R., Ohadi, S., Bayly, M. J., Barrett, R. A., Tibbits, J., … Cousens, R. D. (2020). Explaining the worldwide distributions of two highly mobile species: Cakile edentula and Cakile maritima. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14024 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14024

Aim: If we are able to determine the geographic origin of an invasion, as well as its known area of introduction, we can better appreciate the innate environmental tolerance of a species and the strength of selection for adaptation that colonizing populations have undergone. It also enables us to ma…

Lake, T. A., Briscoe Runquist, R. D., & Moeller, D. A. (2020). Predicting range expansion of invasive species: Pitfalls and best practices for obtaining biologically realistic projections. Diversity and Distributions, 26(12), 1767–1779. doi:10.1111/ddi.13161 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13161

Aim: Species distribution models (SDMs) are widely used to forecast potential range expansion of invasive species. However, invasive species occurrence datasets often have spatial biases that may violate key SDM assumptions. In this study, we examined alternative methods of spatial bias correction a…

Lindelof, K., Lindo, J. A., Zhou, W., Ji, X., & Xiang, Q. (Jenny). (2020). Phylogenomics, biogeography, and evolution of the blue‐ or white‐fruited dogwoods ( Cornus ) ‐ insights into morphological and ecological niche divergence following intercontinental geographic isolation. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. doi:10.1111/jse.12676 https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12676

The eastern Asian (EA)–eastern North American (ENA) floristic disjunction represents a major pattern of phytogeography of the Northern Hemisphere. Despite 20 years of studies dedicated to identification of taxa that display this disjunct pattern, its origin and evolution remain an open question, esp…

De Jesús Hernández-Hernández, M., Cruz, J. A., & Castañeda-Posadas, C. (2020). Paleoclimatic and vegetation reconstruction of the miocene southern Mexico using fossil flowers. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 104, 102827. doi:10.1016/j.jsames.2020.102827 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2020.102827

Concern about the course of the current environmental problems has raised interest in investigating the different scenarios that have taken place in our planet throughout time. To that end, different methodologies have been employed in order to determine the different variables that compose the envi…

Goodwin, Z. A., Muñoz-Rodríguez, P., Harris, D. J., Wells, T., Wood, J. R. I., Filer, D., & Scotland, R. W. (2020). How long does it take to discover a species? Systematics and Biodiversity, 1–10. doi:10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339 https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2020.1751339

The description of a new species is a key step in cataloguing the World’s flora. However, this is only a preliminary stage in a long process of understanding what that species represents. We investigated how long the species discovery process takes by focusing on three key stages: 1, the collection …

Dyderski, M. K., Chmura, D., Dylewski, Ł., Horodecki, P., Jagodziński, A. M., Pietras, M., … Woziwoda, B. (2020). Biological Flora of the British Isles: Quercus rubra. Journal of Ecology, 108(3), 1199–1225. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13375 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13375

This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Quercus rubra L. (Red Oak, Northern Red Oak; syn. Q. borealis, Q. maxima) that are relevant to understanding its ecological characteristics and behaviour. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biological …

Peyre, G., Lenoir, J., Karger, D. N., Gomez, M., Gonzalez, A., Broennimann, O., & Guisan, A. (2020). The fate of páramo plant assemblages in the sky islands of the northern Andes. Journal of Vegetation Science. doi:10.1111/jvs.12898 https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12898

Aims: Assessing climate change impacts on biodiversity is a main scientific challenge, especially in the tropics, therefore, we predicted the future of plant species and communities on the unique páramo sky islands. We implemented the Spatially Explicit Species Assemblage Modelling framework, by i) …

Xue, L., Jia, L., Nam, G., Huang, Y., Zhang, S., Wang, Y., … Chen, Y. (2020). Involucre fossils of Carpinus, a northern temperate element, from the Miocene of China and the evolution of its species diversity in East Asia. Plant Diversity. doi:10.1016/j.pld.2020.01.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2020.01.001

East Asia has long been recognized as a major center for temperate woody plants diversity. Although several theories have been proposed to explain how the diversity of these temperate elements accumulated in the region, the specific process remains unclear. Here we describe six species of Carpinus, …

Kovalchuk, I., Pellino, M., Rigault, P., van Velzen, R., Ebersbach, J., R. Ashnest, J., … Sharbel, T. F. (2020). The Genomics of Cannabis and Its Close Relatives. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 71(1). doi:10.1146/annurev-arplant-081519-040203 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-081519-040203

Cannabis sativa L. is an important yet controversial plant with a long history of recreational, medicinal, industrial, and agricultural use, and together with its sister genus Humulus, it represents a group of plants with a myriad of academic, agricultural, pharmaceutical, industrial, and social int…

Berg, C. S., Brown, J. L., & Weber, J. J. (2019). An examination of climate‐driven flowering‐time shifts at large spatial scales over 153 years in a common weedy annual. American Journal of Botany. doi:10.1002/ajb2.1381 https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1381

Premise: Understanding species’ responses to climate change is a critical challenge facing biologists today. Though many species are widespread, few studies of climate‐driven shifts in flowering time have examined large continuous spatial scales for individual species. And even fewer studies have ex…