Catalogue of the type specimens of sea stars (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
The Catalogue includes the images of dorsal and ventral views of the sea stars composed of views of type specimens; views of deposit units (jars and boxes); label and collection data; maps showing type localities for primary and secondary types of 82 species and subspecies of the starfish of the class Asteroidea De Blainville, 1830 [5, 7]. The collection of the Echinoderm Department of the Laboratory of Marine investigations totals more than 24000 units of storage and is divided into systematic and non-identified. The systematic part of the collection is stored in taxonomic order (according to family, genus and species), while non-identified part — according to expeditions. Feodor Fyodorovich Brandt (Johann Friedrich von Brandt) (1802–1879) — the founder and first director of the Zoological museum has processed materials on sea stars collected by K.H. Mertens, during expedition on the vessel Senyavin (Kamchatka — 1827) and A.F. Middendorff, during Sea of Okhotsk expedition 1844 year [3, 4]. Several specimens of starfish where obtained from 1860 up to 1894. The main collection of sea stars originates from the materials of the famous first Russian research vessel «Andrey Pervozvannyi» (1899) [11, 12]. Since that time many regions of the World Ocean were sampled and lot of materials were collected by Zoological Institute researchers. The collection of starfish (both the collection of types with systematic and unidentified parts) is presented by 438 species and subspecies, basically from the cold and temperate waters of the World Ocean. The systematic collection totals 7731 lots, and non-identified — more than 700. The digitized collection of types now comprises of 84 deposit units containing 104 typical specimens, mainly holotypes and paratypes and also several syntypes, which were collected throughout the World Ocean. These specimens belong to 82 species and subspecies of sea stars. The lots or deposit units are represented by jars with wet specimens and boxes with dry ones. The collection continues to grow due to materials of Russian and foreign expeditions, mainly in the Arctic Ocean and Far East Russian seas. Maintenance of the general collection and identification of the material have been performed by the laboratory assistants and researchers A.M. Djakonov , Z.I. Baranova [1, 2], E.N. Gruzov , Z.V. Kuntsevich, A.V. Smirnov [8–10]. Digitizing of research collections of the Zoological Institute was performed within the framework of RFBR №15-29-02457 (competition of oriented basic research on important interdisciplinary themes 2015) «The collections of the Zoological Institute as an important tool and information basis of fundamental biological research» (project leader Dr. N.B. Ananjeva). Photo images were gained with camera Nikon D80 and scanners Epson Perfection V500 Photo and Epson Perfection V700 Photo. Special thanks are due to T.N. Konina for her assistance in imaging of views of the starfish.