This dataset is the databased part of mosses and lichens from the botanical collections of the Musée des Confluences (Lyon). It comprises 252 specimens belonging to Vermorel collection. One part of this herbarium belonged to Octave Meryan and Hilarion J. Borel before him. The description of those specimens was made by Victor Vermorel and Hilarion J. Borel. The specimens have not been revised but the nomenclature has been updated.